Genesis 9 – A Covenant with Man, Food, and a Sign of the Covenant

God blesses Noah and his sons, again tells them to be fruitful and multiply and man is given domain over every beast, every bird, all the fishes of the sea.

Genesis 9:3 – EVERY moving thing that liveth shall be food for you; as the green herb have I given you all.

God tells them they can it eat all. Doesn’t this contradict what Jehovah eventually tells them in regards to CLEAN and UNCLEAN animals? God makes no distinction here. God’s instructions continue:

9:4 – But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.

“Flesh with the life, which is the blood…” Ok, this is where it gets somewhat ambiguous, most animals have life and blood in them (according to our modern standards.) This almost sounds like a commandment to be Vegans. What makes more sense is that God is referring to life as in human life, an explicit instruction against cannibalism. Not sure but these are two possible interpretations.

NOW we see a verbal Covenant created between God and Noah. Note the difference between Jehovah, thinking in his heart, that he will no longer smite animals and the earth for the sins of man.

But first, let’s look back at what Jehovah said post flood:

Genesis 8:21 And Jehovah smelled the sweet savor; and Jehovah said IN HIS HEART, I will not again curse the ground any more for man’s sake … neither again will I smite any more everything living, as I have done.

Compare to what God says post flood:

9:11 (God to Noah) And I will establish my covenant to you; neither shall ALL flesh be cut off any more by the waters of the flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth…. 9:13 I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth (God later describes as Noah/man and every living creature).

Jehovah’s words are interesting. We dealt with a flood (indicated by the words of God in verse 9:11), not a cursing of the ground. The ground was cursed back with Adam and Eve. Is this what Jehovah is referring to, the original curse? He also says he “smote” every living thing. This word is ambiguous defined as a strike/hit which doesn’t necessarily cause death, though in later use it can also be attributed to a kill.

Back to the covenant with God. Noah and his sons, Shem, Ham, and Japeth: “… of these was the whole earth overspread.” So now we’ve reset the original peoples, and all can be traced back to Shem, Ham, and Japeth and now we have a sign that will appear that will remind God of his covenant with life on earth.

noah rainbow

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