Genesis 19 – The destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah; The creation of the Ammonites and Moabites

Lot, Abraham’s nephew/brother, meets with the 2 angels and welcomes them into his home to rest and stay the night, but the angels prefer to stay in the streets all night. The men of Sodom surround Lot’s house:

Genesis 19:5 – and they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men that came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them.

Initially this seems like an innocent request to meet with the two men. Unfortunately we are then clued in to what “know” means in a disturbing response from Lot:

19:7 – And he (Lot) said, I pray you, my brethren, do not so wickedly. Behold now, I have two daughters that have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing.

Lot, standing outside the door with one of the angels, offers to throw his two virgin daughters to the wolves to protect the two angels. Noble indeed, but what does this tell us about how he, or can we even say men of that era, thought of their daughters? He didn’t offer gold, silver, or cattle, to keep the men outside his door at bay, he offered his virgin daughters. We know he was rich in cattle from previous verse where he split his flock from Abraham’s. The two angels manage to get Lot inside the house and close the door, and blinded the men outside the door so that they could not find the door.

The angels tell lot to gather his relatives, for the destruction of the city is at hand. In the end Lot can only muster his wife and two daughters (for their husbands mocked Lot.) The angels tell lot to leave immediately, but he does not:

19:16 – But he lingered; and the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters, Jehovah being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city.

They “set” Lot and his wife and daughters outside the city. Being that they are angels, can we assume that they actually lifted them up and dropped them off outside the city? Or did they take them by the hand and lead them walking/running to the outside of the city?

Lot is told to escape to the mountains, but he begs to be allowed to hide in a small city not connected the Sodom and Gomorrah, the city which becomes Zoar. Lot enters Zoar and then:

19:24 – Then Jehovah rained upon Sodom and Gomorrah brimstone and fire from Jehovah out of heaven; and he overthrew those cities, and all the Plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground. But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.

This is interesting because it is truly supernatural to think that someone could turn into a pillar of salt. At first I thought maybe it was a euphemism for a pile of ash, which would make sense when fire is raining down from the sky. But salt? And only when they looked upon it, everyone else had their back to the event and were safe. Was this a measure taken to ensure that whatever was really happening was kept a secret by the non angels Lot and his family? That’s one way to keep a secret of Jehovah and the angels method of raining fire and brimstone.

Pillar of Salt
At Mt Sodom stands a pillar called Lot’s wife. The rock does look ‘melted’. In many cases this would be more of a phallic symbol. So is the story of Lot’s wife a parable to explain this mysterious pillar? Or can the melted bones of Lot’s wife be found in this pillar?

19:29 And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the Plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in which Lot dwelt.

So this rescue was done as a favor for Abraham, and apparently not so much for Lot.

Lot leaves Zoar in fear, and goes to the mountain that the angels had told him to go from the start. It doesn’t say what he feared, or why he would fear staying in Zoar if Jehovah had just rescued him from the cities destruction. In another disturbing story, Lot’s daughters, fearing that there are no longer any men on earth, get their father drunk and sleep with him on subsequent nights so that they could conceive children. The logic here is that, knowing they believed they were the only ones left on earth, they commit incest to create children who would also have to commit incest in their generation to procreate.

The fathers/roots of the Moabites and the Ammonites are conceived.

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