Leviticus – Redux

Leviticus must be frustrating for those wishing to learn more about the words in the Bible, and how it all meshes with modern religion.

Modern religion seems to be a frankenstein like beast, put together with fragments of dead stories which fit best with modern times and norms. The rest of the pieces of the stories are ignored or not discussed.

Who’s to blame them? There are so many foreign concepts and ideas in Leviticus, it’s almost as if the entire book of Leviticus, AND Genesis and Exodus, were clearly written for a specific set of people in a specific time in history in a specific geographic location. Which is one of my primary points in this blog, and Leviticus only solidifies my argument.

So why do modern Christians believe the bible, from beginning to end, is applicable to them as a whole? Is it the misused usage of words like “forever” and “the whole earth” when we see that “forever” ended A LONG TIME AGO (i.e. the Levitical priesthood) and the “whole earth” really only describes the geographic locations the author knew about at the time.

After all, it wasn’t until 1492 that people realized there was an entire Hemisphere between them and India. Suddenly, the concept of the “whole world” changed!

People today believe Jehovah is the creator of the universe. Yet Leviticus states that there are many rituals that are to be performed “for ever”. They have not been performed in thousands of years in the presence of the tabernacle. Yet the world moves on and progresses and the punishments Jehovah laid out in Leviticus 26 are not here.

Heave offerings, wave offerings, burnt flock, burning fat, altars, anointing, oils, priestly regalia. All foreign to most anyone outside the Middle East proper. Yet I’m supposed to believe this book is for all people throughout the world?

Oh, and who can forget the body count between Jehovah and the Devil at this point in the Bible, the end of Leviticus. All death and destruction has come at the hands of Jehovah. NOTHING from the devil. His only “evil” was telling Adam and Eve the truth about eating of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. The Bible is clear on this point.

I can almost hear the cry of Christians saying I am a devil apologist, etc. I’m only repeating what the Bible clearly states. Jehovah said they would die if they ate the fruit; The Serpent said they would only open their eyes if they ate the fruit. They ate the fruit and opened their eyes. Who is the liar in this story!?

Look at what happened to the two sons of Aaron, burnt to death by Jehovah. Look at how Leviticus treats medical issues like leprosy, no actual treatment, except through burnt offerings and priestly rituals. Does this pass in modern times? Does a parent kill their children for bringing them the wrong food? When you have a flu, do you burn a goat to heal yourself?

The dichotomy between Jehovah and Elohim is briefly touched upon in Leviticus. Elohim gave us the stars to track days and times; Jehovah says do not observe times.

The church tells us there are 10 main Commandments. Well the 10 they talk about are actually part of 13 total if you single out the specific chapter they are mentioned in. Conveniently those last 3 are left out in modern times (picking and choosing?) Not only that, there are HUNDREDS more commandments laid out.

The writing style of Leviticus seems to be continuous from Exodus, but oddly scattered, as we find smack dab in the middle of the constant commandments coming out of Jehovah, a story about a man who cursed Jehovah and was stoned to death.

Leviticus 26 is probably the most potent chapter of them all when studying the personality of this god, Jehovah. The brutality of his punishments tells me he is no better, nay, he is much worse towards the Israelites than the Egyptians were.

The Israelites are clearly still under slavery and servitude, except instead of to a Pharaoh and his nation, they are shackled under an invisible god working through an intermediary via Moses and a priesthood clan.

I still stand on my belief that either a) Jehovah at this time is NOT the same Jehovah in Genesis and Exodus, but the entity (or Moses) has hijacked his name; OR; b) The Jehovah concept is being used by a powerful magician via Moses, who utilizes volcanic and natural events to control his people through fear.

The idea that Jehovah walked among Adam, Abraham, etc. but can not appear to anyone but Moses in Exodus and Leviticus tells me they are not the same entity. The term “elohim”, despite being the entities credited for all the good creation in Genesis 1, have all but disappeared from the Bible at this point. Yet modern churches preach that it is the same entity from beginning to end.

If I was being proselytized to, in a foreign land far from the cultures of the historic (or even modern) Middle East, this book thus far would have absolutely ZERO applicability on my life. The majority of the story would be completely foreign and inapplicable to my survival.

YET! This story has spread all across the world like wildfire. Is it because it is, indeed, applicable to all the world?

OR! Is it because the manner in which it was initially spread (by book or sword) and the ultimate message (follow this or you are going to burn in hell forever) have put absolute fright into those who receive the message?

Millions have died as these Abrahamic religions that reference these early books in the Bible spread around the world. At some point, a parent is going to accept these teachings in order to save their children from death at the hands of the religious fanatic. The children grow up, and pass it on to their children, etc. At some point, we forget just HOW this doctrine was given to us and we accept it all as fact, never remembering the dismembering, torture, burnings, and death that accompanied these religions as they spread into distant lands.

Problem is, unlike the peoples of the past, TODAY we are free people, we can read for ourselves, we can research the past for ourselves, we can analyze what religions tell us is “true” and make decisions on our own. Is it any wonder people leave modern religions despite the promise of burning hell and fire and brimstone as punishment if they do?

At some point the Boogy Man no longer puts fear in the child who has become an adult when the adult realizes there really wasn’t an actual Boogy Man. Reading the actual words of the Bible is slowly removing said fear, despite the modern churches still teaching this fragmented doctrine of eternal hell and an angry vengeful god.

I could easily toss this book aside at this point in the Bible for all said reasons above, but I am continuing forward because I enjoy the process of discovery.

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Leviticus 22 & 23 – Rules for Aaron & his Sons; Feasts

Leviticus 22 – Rules pertaining to Aaron and his Sons

Jehovah instructs Moses regarding the sons of Aaron:

Leviticus 22:2 – Speak unto Aaron and to his sons, that they separate themselves from the holy things of the children of Israel, and that they profane not my holy name in those things which they hallow unto me: I am Jehovah.

So what are these holy ‘things’ Aaron and his sons need to separate themselves from? Let’s look at the Hebrew interlinear, to see how the KJV version has translated this:

Interlinear: Speak unto Aaron and his sons, that they abstain from the holy gifts of the children of Israel…

Gifts vs. Things… how did the translation become so skewed between KJV and Interlinear Hebrew translation? This is not confidence inspiring, at all, in regards to the KJV being translated as originally intended.

More mundane rules regarding clean, unclean, food rules, the blemished, fill the rest of Leviticus 22, rules which make little to zero sense in modern times. What’s interesting is how the author ends this, and many other chapters. As if needing to qualify WHY he is setting the rules and WHY his rules should be followed, as if at some point the Israelites are going to question his authority:

22:33 – (I am Jehovah, which hallow you) That brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your le*elohim (god): I am Jehovah.

Leviticus 23 – Feasts and Offerings

Leviticus 23 repeats many rules regarding feasts and offerings. Also of note is that the “corners” of the fields are to be left for the poor and the stranger (as mentioned in previous chapter.)

We learn of a new “day”, a day of atonement:

Leviticus 23:27 – Also on the tenth day of the seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto Jehovah.

How does one “afflict” their own soul? Just what are they making atonement for? What Jehovah does say that anyone that works on this day of atonement he will DESTROY.

In a nod to a cultural specific ritual in the world of these Middle Eastern peoples, we get a glimpse of a ritual:

23:40 – And  ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before Jehovah your god seven days.

So how do they rejoice? Dance with these boughs and branches? Hold them? Decorate their homes with them? Would be interested to find out if any similar ritual exists in the Middle East today, or if there is more detail on how these items were used.

As yet another reminder that Jehovah wants his legacy as the one who brought them out of Egypt (when we must remember, they didn’t want to leave, and they really could have left without his help as the story says the Egyptians wanted them gone), he instructs them again:

23:42 – Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths: That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am Jehovah your god.

Easily a verse that could have been inserted to describe this cultures manner of dwelling in booths (can we assume these are tents?)

What’s interesting is the concept that Jehovah does not want them to forget these things. If they really truly believed in the benefit of being pulled out of Egypt and living in booths, wouldn’t they never forget? Or is it a reminder to them that Jehovah controls their world and that they OWE him for his actions in Egypt and in the desert.

Actions that are questionably not righteous, honest, or beneficial to these peoples.

Jehovah’s personality of being insecure regarding “his” people is interesting to say the least, especially coming from what we are told is the god that created the universe who is coming off sounding more like an insecure man-king ruling over a hard to rule peoples.

 

 

Leviticus 19 – More Commandments

Question: How many commandments are in the Bible?

Answer (from me as a young buck in religious studies): 10

Real Answer: Hundreds

I’ve already made the argument that the “10 Commandments” could very well have been picked and chosen out of the hundreds to FIT into modern generations that this story is tried to be sold to. After all, there are at least 3 commandments from Jehovah that instruct to make altars, and one on how much to sell your daughter for.

I must reiterate, no where in any of these verses and chapters does the author say that these commandments are for ALL PEOPLES.

Leviticus 19 piles more commandments on top of the already established ones, some repeated, some clarified, and some new. What’s interesting is that many of these commandments contradict the behavior of the Israelites during their time in Egypt, where they looted their hosts in Egypt.

  • Fear your parents, keep the Sabbath
  • Turn not to idols, or make molten gods
  • Peace offerings must be eaten for 2 days only, on the 3rd day it is an abomination
  • The “corners” of your field must be left so that the poor and the stranger can have it
    • I guess Jehovah is not going to provide for them directly
  • (Egypt) Ye shall not steal, deal falsely, nor lie to each other
    • The key here is the idea that most of these commandments are for how they treat EACH OTHER, not other people
  • Don’t profane Jehovah’s name
  • (Egypt) You shall not defraud your neighbor, nor rob him; pay your workers properly
  • Do not curse the deaf, or put a stumbling block in front of the blind (does this really need to be commanded?)
  • When it comes to judgement, do not respect the poor, or honor the mighty, but judge in righteousness.
  • Don’t be a story teller, or stand against the blood of your neighbor
  • Don’t hate your brother in your heart, and you shall not suffer sin on your neighbor
  • You should not avenge, or bear a grudge against the children of your people, love your neighbor as yourself
    • There it is, these rules apply to this group of people
  • Keep Jehovah’s statutes, don’t let cattle of different kinds mix, don’t plant mingled seed, don’t make garments of linen and woolen together
    • A nod to Genesis 6?
    • Don’t mingle plant seeds, as we know today, destroys the genetic diversity of certain types of foods. Besides, some seeds are exclusive to each other and actually compliment themselves when planted together
      • In North/Meso American cultures the “3 Sisters” are planted together for good reasons: nitrogen fixing, bean poles on corn stalks, etc.
  • If a man lies with a woman, a slave, given to another for husband, not free;
    • She get’s scourged (really?!)
    • The man is put to death because she was not free
    • In other words, since she was not free, she was another mans property
    • The man can be forgiven with a trespass offering
  • When they enter the new land, they must plant but not eat of any of the fruit for 3 years
  • They are not to eat anything with blood, use enchantment, or observe times
    • Put away those raw steaks
    • Throw away your calendars and horoscopes
  • Ye shall not round the corners of your heads, neither shalt thou mar the corners of thy beard
    • I’m going to assume this dates to some sort of ritual facial decoration found either with the Egyptians or the Canaanites.
      • Just how do you round the corner of  your head? Where is the corner of the beard, and how do you “mar” it?
  • No cuttings in the flesh for the dead (Egyptian death ritual), nor print any marks upon you
    • Don’t put on tattoos!
  • Don’t prostitute your daughter to keep the land from becoming full of wickedness.
    • The last time the daughters of man were involved in the land becoming full of wickedness was in Genesis 6 when the fallen angels mated with the daughters of man and created corrupt offspring.
    • Is this a reference of not whoring your daughter to these beings again?
  • A possible reference to honoring the elders (face of the old man)
  • Don’t curse strangers/refugees in your land because they were once refugees in Egypt
  • Don’t cheat measurements

Follow all these rules, says Jehovah who brought them out of the land of Egypt.

Interesting set of rules, some (like marring your beard) completely not applicable for those who can’t grow beards (Amerindians like myself).

Let’s focus on one verse to prove a point I’ve been trying to make throughout my blog. This deity, Jehovah, can not be the deity (or part of the deities which is more correct) that created the heavens and the earth in Genesis 1. For example:

Genesis 1:14 – And Elohim said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years.

Compare this to Jehovah’s commandment:

Leviticus 19:26 – (Jehovah to Moses, to instruct the Israelites) Ye shall not eat anything with blood: neither shall ye use enchantment, nor observe times.

Elohim gave the stars for signs and times (seasons, days, years). Jehovah says not to observe them. Again, some parts of the good creation, Jehovah does not like, which tells me he was not part of it.

 

 

Leviticus 18 – Cultures, Nakedness, Abominations

Jehovah speaks to Moses telling him to tell the Israelites:

Leviticus 18:3 – After the doings of the land of Egypt, wherein ye dwelt, shall ye not do: and after the doings of the land of Canaan, whither I bring you, shall ye not do: neither shall ye walk in their ordinances.

So there are cultural practices and norms that Jehovah does not want them to do, practices they did in Egypt, and practices of the people of Canaan.

Nakedness

The concept of “uncovering nakedness” has been somewhat ambiguous. When Noah’s nakedness was uncovered by Ham, it was such a serious event that Noah cursed his own grandson, (ironically Canaan). So there is more to this “uncovering” than I believe Ham seeing his own father nude. We get hints that “uncovering” a female relatives nakedness meant actually laying with her in a sexual manner. Did some perverse sexual encounter take place with Ham and Noah that the author didn’t describe? All we are told is that Ham told his brothers, who then came and covered their father (but didn’t look at his nakedness) yet Ham’s son was cursed for it all!

Jehovah lays out rules about “uncovering nakedness” and after reviewing Leviticus 18:6 through 18, it really does sound like a mandate to prevent incest within family members, blood or marriage relatives. Also included are “approaching” (as is used in verses 6-18) an unclean woman to “uncover her nakedness” or “laying carnally” with your neighbors wife.

IS JEHOVAH THE ONLY DEITY AROUND AT THIS TIME?

18:21 – And thou shalt not let any of thy seed pass through the fire to Molech, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy god…

Who is Molech? It is a deity? It is a concept/idea? Why is this name capitalized in the text the way a proper name is? Modern interpretation tells us that children were sacrificed to Molech by burning them. Was Abraham familiar with the deity or concept of Molech? After all he was willing sacrifice Jacob to Jehovah at his request, WITHOUT QUESTION! Is this concept of child sacrifice normalized to these Hebrew peoples at this time?

  • It is an abomination to lie with mankind as it is to lie with womankind
    • This the verse that tells us that “the Bible says” homosexuality is immoral (Leviticus 18:22)
    • What is the punishment for breaking this rule?
  • It is an abomination to lie with Animals
    • It is not considered an abomination but “confusion” (Leviticus 18:23)
    • Does this concept go back to Genesis 6, pre-flood world where (in Elohim terms) ALL CREATION (animals and man) were defiled?

18:24 – Defile not  ye yourselves in any of these things: for in all these the nations that are defiled which I cast out before you: And the land is defiled: therefore I do visit the iniquity thereof upon it, and the land itself vomiteth out her inhabitants.

This verse :24 accomplishes multiple goals:

  • Lays down future law
  • Explains the reasoning for the supposed upcoming slaughter of the indigenous people of Canaan (who are related to the Israelites through Abraham)

Interesting chapter. We get some specifics on the people that are about to be genocided, and why Jehovah lays out certain rules to his people.

Sidenote: If Jehovah supposedly created the heavens and the earth and breathed life into ALL mankind, then he really screwed up by allowing his creation to go against him. This concept that creator does not have control over his creation flies in the face of what we are told “god” is today, that ALL THINGS are possible with god. Not only that, Jehovah has never claimed that these Canaanite nations, nor the Egyptians, were his creation. This is an assumption that is made.

Not only that, the whole PURPOSE of the Great Flood was a FAILURE. There is still “evil” on earth (yet the word evil hasn’t really been used, instead we get the term “defiled”.)

Not once has he said “my creation is compromised”. Is it because he is embarrassed by the creation? Or that he really didn’t create man and is merely responsible for this one group of people which he “inherited” according to Moses.

18:27 – (For all these abominations have the men of the land done, which were before you, and the land is defiled;) That the land spue not you out also, when ye defile it, as it spued out the nations that were before you.

This verse is talking about the future as if it were in the past (“as it spued” = past tense) yet the nations of Canaan, at this point in the narrative and timeline, have yet to be removed. This tells me this text was written long after the events took place. Which also tells me that much of the explanation of events could very well be made up to explain the past (Sodom & Gomorrah destroyed by volcanic activity – Explanation: the people MUST HAVE been wicked to suffer such a fate, etc.)

Also note: NONE of the defilement has been attributed to Satan.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Leviticus 11 – Beasts to Eat/not Eat; Clean and Unclean

If, after the brutality of Leviticus 10, you haven’t thrown the Old Testament in the trash and burned it with fire, the mundane and repetitious instructions of Leviticus 11 just might do it for you.

Jehovah tells Moses and Aaron, who in turn have to tell the children of Israel, about all the animals that are ok to eat, and which are clean and unclean.

This will sound facetious, but those of you who enjoy bacon, pulled pork, and other pig sourced foods: YOU ARE UNCLEAN.

I do know a lot of unclean people, and they are not “cut off from their own people”. What does this tell you about the mandates Jehovah lays out?

Shrimp lovers: Leviticus 11:10: YOU ARE UNCLEAN!

If Jehovah created the heavens and the earth, then why did he create unclean beings?

Leviticus 11:42 – Whatsoever goeth upon the belly, and whatsoever goeth upon all four, or whatsoever hath more feet among all creeping things that creep upon the earth, them ye shall not eat; for they are an abomination.

Why did he (supposedly) create abominations? Go back to Genesis 1 and the Elohim creation in 6 days: NO MENTION of clean/unclean, in fact, all creation is GOOD. Go back to the story of Noah, any attribute to Elohim made NO MENTION of clean/unclean, in fact it says ALL animals will be subject to man. It’s not until Jehovah comes into the picture that the clean/unclean rule appear. It’s like he took over the legacy and threw out that which he didn’t like, that which was initially GOOD, is now an abomination.

Is Jehovah, who demands his rules as he lays them out so, telling the ENTIRE WORLD to follow his instructions? What does this verse lend to the answer to that question:

11:45 – For I am Jehovah that bringeth you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your lelohim:  ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy

He is clearly only speaking to those who he brought out of Egypt, he does not say these rules are for anyone else.

I clearly remember in Genesis 1 that ALL creation was good. For some reason Jehovah doesn’t feel so, so he divides the animal kingdom into clean and unclean.

We know that much of what Jehovah describes as unclean, is today very edible. The “hygiene” of Jehovah at this time seems to be summed up with his words of “sanctify” and “holy” in a sort of hybrid spiritual/physical manner.

Again I reiterate the point that Jehovah is still unable or unwilling to speak directly to the Israelites. How contradictory is that with today’s churches that tell you that you can indeed speak directly to god and that god can speak directly to you. What does the actions using a priesthood as an intermediary to the people tell us about this modern teaching?

The Book of Exodus – Redux

After reading Exodus I came across two major conclusions:

  • The author of Exodus was not the same as the author of Genesis, or,
    • The author of Exodus was the same as Genesis, but since he/she was not around at the time, they could only aggregate the knowledge available to him/her via oral tradition or separate scrolls
    • Their knowledge source of information was incomplete, hence the giant hole in the timeline and narrative between Genesis and Exodus
  • Jehovah of Genesis is COMPLETELY different than Jehovah of Exodus
    • The only common theme was the “covenant” being passed down
    • Jehovah of Exodus, for some odd reason, is unable to appear to ANYONE
    • Jehovah of Genesis, was able to appear as a man to the patriarchs

Jehovah

I made my argument that it’s quite possible the Exodus Jehovah inherited the covenant and the people from Genesis Jehovah, which could entail that Jehovah is merely a TITLE, like the word Pharaoh.

Exodus Jehovah carries many human traits that are frowned upon, even today: Jealousy, quick to anger, dishonesty, hypocrisy, materialism, self consciousness, and arrogance. He boasts about characteristics he does not show (he is forgiving, he is gratious) while at the same time clearly demonstrating behavior antagonistic to these boasts.

His self consciousness regarding how the Egyptians viewed him was mind boggling. Surely the creator of heaven and earth wouldn’t care what part of his supposed creation (the Egyptians) thought of him? But he did! And Moses was able to convince Jehovah that he would look bad in the eyes of the Egyptians if he slaughtered his own people, so Jehovah changed his mind. Is this a trait of the true creator of the universe? Or of a lesser deity with strong human like characteristics of indecisiveness and spite?

Jehovah’s long winded, mundane, repetitious displays of his “powers” in Egypt were enough for me to close the book up, move on and never look back. They weren’t as impressive as I was told they were, after all the Egyptian magicians were able to recreate the majority of them, it’s just that Jehovah’s powers were one step above. One small step, not enough for me to say or conclude he is the most powerful god.

Israelites

The Israelites of Genesis are completely different than those of Exodus. In Genesis, the 12 sons, including Jacob their father, perform wicked deeds, murder, soliciting prostitutes, carrying gods that they need to hide, commit adultery, break oaths, etc. and YET, no punishment from Genesis Jehovah.

The Israelites of Exodus are weak and timid, fearing thunder and lightning, and don’t seem to be convinced of Jehovah’s powers as being absolute. They show little trust in Moses, and they clearly stated they preferred the slavery of Egypt where they at least had good food to eat, over the slavery of Jehovah. A captivity with Jehovah where they starved and thirsted in the desert, and when they spoke out, they were chastised. Their punishments have been swift, abundant, and harsh. No time outs, no prison time, no forgiveness… straight to death.

I loathed the arrogant Israelites of Genesis, and felt sorry for the Israelites of Exodus.

They went from one slave owner to another, except that this new one is quick to sentence them to death for just about any reason and by their own words they wished they were back in Egypt. Who’s the bad guy in this situation? Pharoah or Jehovah?

Moses

A great magician, almost killed by the deity he reluctantly served, who, we must not forget, TRIED TO KILL HIM. In the beginning it felt as if Moses was performing his service to Jehovah out of fear, and no doubt about it, he doubted himself as a viable servant. But towards the end, Moses seems to become sadistic, cocky and angry, even to the point where he COMMANDS Jehovah to show himself. This, of course, is after he realizes that he has the ability to change Jehovah’s mind regarding certain decisions about acting out on his anger towards the Israelites. It’s an interesting relationship, where Moses seems to be finding his boundaries and slowly crossing them. Moses is no longer the self doubting, uncooperative servant to Jehovah, he’s almost become an equal by being able to change Jehovah’s mind while also balancing the ability to harness Jehovah’s power to control the people and retain his elevated status as the sole intermediary between man and their god.

No doubt Moses has powers, but again pointing to the question that his power comes from an omnipotent god, he needed a rod/staff to perform his powers. Not only that, his staff was more like a ranged weapon, where it needed to be raised/aim to truly work.

The fact that Jehovah does not appear before the Israelites, and that Moses is the sole intermediary started to give me the idea that Moses was using the concept of Jehovah to fear the Israelites into servitude, and leveraged natural events like volcano eruptions, thunder, lightning, lava, smoke, fire, and brimstone to point to the powers of the god that just couldn’t appear to anyone but him. Yet, again, Jehovah supposedly appeared multiple times in Genesis in the form of  man without all the thunder and demonstrations of power.

On that note, it no longer seems preposterous that Moses also manipulated man’s fear of natural cataclysmic events, in this case a volcano, to lay fear and control a population. If you tell the people that the god exists in the volcano, and if you approach it you will die, thus you can not see the god, and that volcano continues to display its cataclysmic powers, you can bet that controlling the people would be feasible. I’ve laid out my theory on the volcano, and I will strengthen this theory in upcoming verse.

Exodus Overall

If I knew NOTHING about the bible, the morals and dogmas, the modern interpretations, and was handed the book to read and was told “Here, read this, this is the one true god and the one true path”, by the end of Exodus I would return the book and say “No thanks”.

There is NOTHING about Jehovah that I, if I was in search of a god to follow, would find appealing. There is no evidence he created the universe beyond his own claims. There is no evidence he even created the people he leads around or the land he is leading them to, only that he *inherited* it all. He is severely flawed, to the point he makes himself look bad while trying to display godly powers. He seems to be more of a Devil than the Devil himself (which is a side topic all together and I WILL revisit this idea). After all, all source of evil is from him, and he even says so himself, and so far there’s been very little good to balance out the evil, destruction, and death.

There is absolutely NOTHING in Exodus that would tell me that this book was meant for the world, especially with all the specific cultural and geographical details that make no sense anywhere but in the Middle East at that time, and in the minds of modern Christians who tend to bend and twist the Bible to fit into the current era.

Exodus gets a big thumbs down for the mundane and incessant Jehovah boasting in regards to his dealing with Egypt and his boasting regarding his righteousness. The down to the thread details of the ark and the tabernacle and the FACT these items and rituals no longer exist AS INSTRUCTED tells me Exodus is a book of history, not a book for today.

We don’t need drawn out rituals with sprinkled blood and flayed animal carcasses and burning flesh placed upon gold encrusted furniture for modern man to know that it’s not OK to lie, cheat, kill, steal etc.

If I was a potential convert, Exodus has completely turned me away, there would be nothing more to read. I would not want to follow or worship this god, nor do his instructions regarding bullocks, rams, sprinkling blood, altars, punishments of death have any meaning to life today. Time has proven this to be true, without all these instruments, life has moved on. No one is being sentenced to death for working on the Sabbath, yet that is what Exodus has proclaimed “for ever”. The priesthood of Aaron was “for ever”. The covenant “was for ever”. The rituals were “for ever” Etc.

I journey on, because I know the story gets better and my arguments will solidify. I no longer fear to be honest about the Bible, because my only source is the Bible itself.

Exodus 31 – The Tabernacle, the Ark, furniture. Explaining why God rested in Genesis 2.

In a vein similar to the Book of Enoch where the fallen Angels teach their hybrid human children the art of mining, jewelry, makeup, and other “technologies”, we see that Jehovah has granted two men, Bezaleel and Aholiab some “extraordinary” skills. These are skills, by the way, that modern man today, do not need divine intervention to perform:

Exodus 31:2 – (Jehovah speaking to Moses): See, I have called by name Bezale-el the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah: And I have filled him with the spirit of Elohim, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship. To devise cunning works, to work in gold, silver, and in brass, And in cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of timber, to work in all manner of workmanship.

Items to be constructed by the two artisans:

  • Tabernacle of the Congregation
  • Ark of the Testimony
  • Mercy Seat
  • All the furniture of the Tabernacle
  • The table and his furniture
  • The pure candlestick with his furniture
  • Altar of incense
  • Altar of burnt offerings with all his furniture
  • The laver and his foot
  • The cloths of service
    • Aaron’s holy garments
    • Aaron’s sons garments
  • Anointing oil
  • Sweet incense

Jehovah reiterates keeping of the sabbath, anyone who works on the sabbath will be cut off from his people. The sentence is lengthened when he also says anyone who works on the sabbath will be put to death.

The chapter ends with Jehovah passing along two tablets of testimony to Moses, tablets which says were written with the finger of Elohim.

I would like to go back to a peculiar verse in Exodus 31:

31:17 – It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever; for in six days Jehovah made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.

There’s “for ever” again. Let’s go back to Genesis 1… how many beings were part of the creation? Once I again I reiterate the actual verbiage of the Bible:

  • The Hebrew word for God in Genesis 1 is *Elohim* which is PLURAL
  • This concept is reinforced with the saying “Let us make man in our image” which is PLURAL inferring multiple beings were present, and no where does Genesis 1 say that one being was more powerful than the others.

Is Jehovah hijacking the creation of the Elohim? Is he taking credit for it?

I always wondered, why would an all powerful god need to “rest?” Humans rest, animals, rest… but gods? THE God?!

Let’s jump back to Genesis 1… Genesis 1 counts six days of creation, all of which are “good” and there are multiple beings involved. Then Genesis 1 ends. Why isn’t day 7 grouped with the previous six days in Genesis 1? Ironically it is day 7 that is grouped with the singular Jehovah Elohim introduced in Genesis 2. Is the Jehovah of Exodus claiming that 7th day for his own, ignoring the multiple entities of the previous six?

Jump back to Exodus 31:17…

The author explains Jehovah rested on the seventh day and was refreshed. Why would he need to refresh? (Similar to why would he walk in the Garden of Eden in the “cool” of the evening?) Is the author alluding to a very unpopular concept that Jehovah was not an almighty god? Why would he need to rest, was he tired? (Despite the fact he’s attributed all mightiness, yet we know glory full traits are often heaped upon those with authority, whether out of fear or out of exaggerated admiration… “The Almighty King of Spain”… Alexander the Great… Mighty Joe Young, whether or not the persons were indeed Almighty or Great)

Resting seems to be a very human/animal concept and we add another human trait to the supposed almighty God of the universe. The words of the Bible seem to be proving a less almighty God than what the modern church says. Not a popular point of view to take but I think the author of the Bible is clearly alluding to such.

I look forward to see the future human and/or god like traits attributed to Jehovah.

 

 

Exodus 25 – 27 Tabernacle, Ark, Mercy Seat, Table of Showbread, Golden Lampstand

So we are told Jehovah created the heavens and the earth. So why the need to gather physical items together for any sort of purpose? Is he not able to create things anymore?

Or, is the theory correct, that Jehovah makes claims for the creation in Genesis 1 that we are told is done by the Elohim?

Exodus 25 describes the details of the items Jehovah needs to dwell among the Israelites.

Exodus 25:8 – And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them

Why would a spiritual being need a sanctuary to dwell among that which he created? Did Jehovah, prior to the book of Exodus, require a sanctuary as he spoke to Adam, Noah, Abraham, Isaac or Jacob? Why have the rules about where and how Jehovah exists and interact with his ‘creation’ changed?

Can you now see how different Jehovah is in Exodus vs. Genesis?

I began to go into great lengths to describe in detail what exactly was being constructed, but I found it to be far too mundane. What is described in Exodus is the gathering of materials and the details for:

  1. The Tabernacle
  2. The Ark of the Covenant
  3. Table of Showbread
  4. Golden Candlestick

So let’s look at some MODERN renditions of these 4 items considering NONE of them exist in anyone’s hands anymore:

tabernacle-tent
Why would the creator of heaven and earth need an earthly structure to dwell in?

In Exodus 27 we get an interesting verse:

Exodus 27:21 – In the tabernacle of the congregation without the veil, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before Jehovah: it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.

“for ever”? So where is it now? Is this the same “forever” we use in the English language today?

 

Exodus 12, Sign 10: The Murder of the First Born of Egypt; Passover defined

Sign 10 – Wiping out the First Born of Man and Animal

Jehovah begins to instruct the Israelites about the event that will later be memorialized in what is now called Passover.

  • Any form of calendar they are using ‘resets’. The current month will be called the first month.
  • They are to, after 10 days of the month, take a unblemished lamb, 1 year old, hold it for 4 more days, and then kill it the night of the 14th day
  • They are to spread the blood on the door posts of their houses, and with specific instruction on how to prep and eat the lamb that night, they dispose the remains of it by fire during the day

Exodus 12:11 – And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is Jehovah’s passover.

Why the need for such specifics and haste? If someone was to forget their staff, then what? They had their clothes on, their shoes on, their staff ready to go, but why? In case the passover didn’t work and they had to flee in haste?

12:12 – For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the elohe (gods) of Egypt I will execute judgement: I am Jehovah.

Why does Jehovah need to constantly state who he is? Can we add being boastful to one of his human-like traits? I am King! I am the Champion! I am the Winner! I am the Best! These are all boastful remarks that, at least in this culture, aren’t really looked well upon regardless if they are true or not.

What’s even more important to note, is that Jehovah (as previously mentioned he is looked upon as a judge) is going execute a judgement/sentence on the gods of Egypt. If he is the only God, then why is he acknowledging other gods? He’s not saying whether they are real or fake. The fact he is acknowledging them and the fact verse says that the Pharaoh’s magicians had powers similar, if not weaker, than his, tells me there may be indeed other gods around. If they were fake gods, powerless gods, why even bring them up? This is another point I will hammer on time and time again as I travel through Old Testament verse.

12:13 – And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

Another important verse. If Jehovah is an all knowing/omnipotent god, why would he need a marker (ironically it’s blood) to know which house to slay the first born or not? Wouldn’t he know exactly where the Israelites lived and the Egyptians lived? Are there homes actually intermingled where he would need a marker? Are there Egyptians living in Goshen among the Israelites?

Also of note: Jehovah does not seem to be present at this time. ALL actions and communications through this point in Exodus have been done through Moses and while we are told they can communicate, we are not told how. Would readers at the time of these events know how they communicate and find the fact that there is no mention of this form of communication, normal? Is Jehovah really omnipresent if he needs someone to perform his powers from a distance?

Here are some more mandates regarding Passover:

  • Hebrews are to eat unleavened bread for 7 days, and on the first day of the 7 they throw all leavened bread out of their house. The man who doesn’t is CUT OFF FROM HIS PEOPLE.
    • Thrown out of Israel?
    • Cut off as in killed? In future verse this becomes ambiguous because a man who is killed is THEN cut off from his people (his family and lineage thrown out?)
    • The same first day of the week there is no work to be done except to eat (no mention of punishment but you can probably guess it’s going to be CRUEL)
  • In the 14th day of the 1st month of the calendar they will eat unleavened bread for 1 week, where there will be no leavened bread in their homes.
    • If there is: CUT OFF FROM HIS PEOPLE
    • Even strangers living among the Israelites will suffer the same mandates and same fate.

Why all such specifics for an almighty, all powerful god? (Sorry, I will hammer this point very much more in future verse to help prove one of my eventual conclusions).

These instructions from Jehovah to Moses are repeated in Exodus 12 by Moses to the Israelites. Then the sign occurs:

12:29 – And it came to pass, that at midnight Jehovah smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of the cattle.

THE FIRST BORN OF THE CAPTIVE IN THE DUNGEON?! Jehovah’s obsession with the “first born” of everything is odd. Does this date back to the first born of Adam and Eve (his creations that turned on him), their son Abel, who was slain by his brother? Where is this first born obsession coming from? While we don’t know the details of why the captive is in the Egyptian dungeon, but if it’s for something mundane, why would his/her firstborn need to be slain? What point does that prove?

Pharaoh responds in a typical fashion:

12:31 – And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve Jehovah, as ye have said. Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also.

Pharaoh asks for a blessing, in a sort of subordinate manner, YET, there is no mention of Pharaoh or any Egyptian suddenly becoming a follower of Jehovah.

So why is it, 1, 2, and 3,000 years later, that converting people to Jehovah worship is of utmost importance, even if it means the death of the person who does not want to convert? This lack of proselytizing in the Old Testament when it runs rampant today tells me (among a laundry list of other reasons) there is a HUGE disconnect between the modern churches that look at the Old Testament and factual scripture and the Old Testament itself.

The Israelites leave Egypt, but not before spoiling and ripping off the riches of their Egyptian neighbors. Jehovah then sets down a set of rules for future passover, mundane details about leaven and unleavened bread, circumcision, servants and foreigners. All will follow the rules of Passover, in remembrance of the 12 brutal signs that led to the Israelites being rescued out of the hands of Egypt by Jehovah.

The drawn out, excessive, and frustrating story of the Israelites being led out of Egypt is over. Jehovah played a giant puppet game, caused a lot of grief, killed a lot of innocents, but yet we are told he is “righteous”. Not once has peace or the attempt at peace taken place. How does this compare to the teachings of the New Testament?. Heck, we (well most of us) strive for dialogue, peace, and treaties before we take the last resort of trying to kill our enemies. In Jehovah’s case there is no peace, only punishment, strife, and death. Unfortunately we are going to see more and it is going to get worse all the way through Chronicles, Judges, and the Books of the Prophets.

My journey continues, but after this harrowing and frustrating narrative of the 12 chapters and 10 signs of the Exodus, I need a break.

One other huge point: Is there evidence in the Egyptian material record of this brutal murder of all the first born of Egypt? Surely something of such a brutal magnitude would have been recorded in some sort of fashion?

 

Exodus 11: The plan of the Murder of the First Born

With a bit of relief of the monotony of the repetition, but definitely not a relief in terms of events, the final sign is soon to take place:

Exodus 11:1 – And Jehovah said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether.

It’s interesting that he is calling what’s about to happen a “plague”. The recent plagues all were reversible. This one? Not so much. Call it what it is: The irreversible murder of innocent first born.

But wait, before we perform this heinous act, Jehovah changes the countenance (could we say “softens the hearts”) of the Egyptians to look favorably on Moses and the rest of the Israelites, who are able to borrow of their Egyptian neighbor jewels of silver and jewels of gold. Will this be the silver and gold that the ark is eventually made of?

In another contradiction in the narrative, Moses gives Pharaoh the last warning (remember Pharaoh threatened Moses with death if they met again, so either a) his warning was not valid because he was still under the influence of Jehovah or b) this influence of Jehovah to make Moses great among the Egyptians removed the threat).

Sign 12 – Murder of the First Born

Moses explains that about midnight, he will go into Egypt and murder the first born of everyone from Pharaoh, to the maidservants, to the beasts. There will be a great cry in Egypt, a cry so great it will have no rival in the past or in the future.

11:7 – But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye may know how that Jehovah doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.

Does it take 12 events of massive manipulation to make this point? Are we once again seeing the insecurity of Jehovah, the need to *prove* himself to mortals when he is supposedly the god of creation and of the earth?

11:8 – And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, Get thee out, and all the people that follow thee and after that I will go out. And he went out from Pharaoh in great anger.

Observations:

  • After having their first born murdered, the Egyptians will demand the people leave.
    • Note they are not saying “we will follow the great god Jehovah”
    • Note they are not saying “we are your servants” etc.
  • Why would Moses be angry with Pharaoh when he knows all of this is the cause of Jehovah?
    • Jehovah has already stated that HE is the one making the Pharaoh stubborn
    • Maybe Moses is fed up with the whole situation and so he leaves in anger
      • YOU KNOW he is not going to show anger to Jehovah who, this time, would probably gladly slay him
      • I’d be angry out of the frustration of the whole situation

If there is any doubt who’s fault ANY AND ALL of this is, the Bible in verse 10 clearly sums it up for those not believing me and blaming the Pharaoh and the Egyptians for all these punishments:

11:10 – And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and Jehovah hardened Pharaoh’s heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land.

Technically, isn’t this Jehovah’s land if he created the earth? OR, is there another concept in play here, and, of course, I will prove, using biblical verse, that there is. Despite claiming to own all the earth, there is evidence that Jehovah does not.