Numbers 28-31: Review of Laws; War against the Midianites

Numbers 28 – A review of Offering Laws (again)

Jehovah tells Moses to speak to the Israelites regarding offerings.

Numbers 29 – Holy Convocation

Jehovah tells Moses to speak to the Israelites regarding a holy convocation on the first day of the 7th month.

Numbers 30 – A review of Vows (again)

Once again we review a woman’s “vows” and how they are to be handled between a man and his wife, and a man and his daughter, and widows. Christian woman’s rights advocates, I’d be curious to know what you think about Numbers 30 (and the OT so far as it related to the treatment of women.)

Numbers 31 – War Against the Midianites

Moses has one more task before “being gathered unto his people”, which now seems to be a euphemism for dying and joining your ancestors who have died before you. Though aren’t the Levites still alive among the Israelites still “his people”? His task: Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites. One thousand of each group of the Israelites are set as soldiers and go to war. The end result:

  • All male Midianites were killed
  • The kings of Midian were killed:
    • Evi
    • Rekem
    • Zur
    • Hur
    • Reba
  • Balaam the son of Beor was killed

Wait! What? Balaam, the one who “blessed Israel” was killed? What was the saying:

“He who blesses you shall be blessed…”

So, despite blessing Israel, Balaam was killed? Is this rule just talk? Seems so. So far, there has only been one person who has blessed Israel, and he was killed at their hands. So this rule really has no past precedence of being legitimate.

More casualties: All the women, children, cattle, flocks, and goods were taken captive. The cities and their “castles” were burned.

Castles?

KJV discrepancy: the word ti*ro*tam (Strong’s Hebrew 2918) is translated as “castle” in KJV. In Interlinear Hebrew it is translated as “camps”. Camps vs Castles. That is a HUGE difference to us today. Were these kings and their people living in camps or castles?

This story worsens. When Moses finds out the Israelites took the women and children captive, ALIVE:

31:14 – And Moses was wroth with the officers of the host (army), with the captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, which came from the battle. And Moses said unto them, Have ye saved all the women alive?

Moses is angry because the women were not slain in battle. He blames the women for making the Israelites trespass against Jehovah. So here’s Moses solution:

31:17 – Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him.

That’s right: Kill innocent children. Kill every woman that is not a virgin. What happens to the virgin girls?

31:18 – But all the women children, that have not known a man by lying with him, keep alive for yourselves.

Disgusting. I felt somewhat sorry for Moses because the way Jehovah treated him. Now I hate him (if he indeed was real and not just a character in a story.)

Today, we can distinguish between innocent and guilty. Back in the days of Moses, this concept was foreign. Today, most civilized people agree that a child of a guilty person should not face the death penalty for a murder the parent committed. This barbaric treatment was sanctioned by Jehovah, as he did not speak out against it. This is the god civil people worship today. The soldiers get to keep the virgin girls. Let’s not fool ourselves here, we are talking about little girls and teenagers. The soldiers get to keep them for themselves. What in the world do you think these soldiers are going to do with them?! Take them in as their own daughters? Or defile them? I hope future verse explains it, but I doubt it.

Why not just send the remnants of the Midianites, who Moses obviously blames for the transgressions of the Israelites, off to a foreign land? How wily and cunning are babies and children that Moses wants them dead so they don’t tempt the Israelites to transgress again? Why not make them slaves and enact heavy rules against their influence on the Israelites? Why is death the only answer for Moses and Jehovah? This is a death cult.

After the spoils of war and combat are done, the priesthood demands that the soldiers go through a series of “cleansing” rituals for themselves and their spoils. Chapter 26 then goes on to quantify the “spoils” in numbers. In a strange offering to a deity that supposedly created the heavens and the earth:

31:54 – And Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold of the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and brought it into the tabernacle of the congregation, for a memorial for the children of Israel before Jehovah.

Why would Jehovah require an offering of gold? Didn’t he create gold and every other thing in this universe?

Chapter 31 was very insightful into the minds and culture of this tribal nation and their patron god. Nothing ethereal, universal, or global about it all. This belongs to a specific people in a specific time in a specific geographical location. This is becoming increasingly clear.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Numbers 26 – A Census for War & Land; Numbers 27 – Moses End is Near

Numbers 26 – Another Census

Another census takes place to count an army to prepare for more war.

26 – Equality

Chapter 26 numbers all the men of all the families over age 21. It is also by these numbers that their “inheritance” will be doled out. Does everyone get an equal “inheritance”?

Numbers 26:54 – To many thou shalt give the more inheritance, and to few thou shalt give the less inheritance: to every one shall his inheritance be given according to those that were numbered of him.

Not everyone is equal, and the larger the group, the more land they get. I will go out on a limb and say that this will create problems in the future.

Reiterating my past point: Just what was the end goal of this covenant in a specified chunk of land? We know that Abraham and Lot had a land squabble because both were “great in numbers”. What is going to happen with this land with pre-defined borders as the generations grow and grow in population? What happens when “nations” encroach upon each other, both thinking they have right to land and resources? WAR.

The author ends chapter 26 by reminding the reader that no man, except for Caleb and Joshua, who wandered the desert, were now in the land of inheritance.

Numbers 27 – Inheritance Rules

A new scenario has taken place: The daughters of a man named Zelophehad (notice one of the daughters is named Noah) questions Moses about their inheritance because their father died in the wilderness and he had no sons. Moses speaks to Jehovah on what to do:

27:7 – The daughters of Zelophehad speak right: thou shalt surely give them a possession of an inheritance among their father’s brethren; and thou shalt cause the inheritance of their father to pass unto them.

A few observations:

  • Jehovah’s laws are, at this point, still incomplete. Of all the laws he has made in the past, he didn’t make this one until Moses put the scenario forward.
  • Interesting cultural insight: A daughter is allowed to receive their father’s inheritance. This may be one of the more *fair* choices made by Jehovah in regards to women.

As if realizing this new scenario might bring forth even more questions, Jehovah clarifies his position on this inheritance, who it passes to in the event there are sons or daughters or receivers of said inheritance missing.

27 – Moses’ Punishment Begins

Remembering Moses and Aaron were both punished because the thirsty Israelites complained about water, Jehovah tells Moses to prepare to no longer move forward in the journey.

27:12 – And Jehovah said unto Moses, Get thee up into this mount Abarim, and see the land which I have given unto the children of Israel. And when thou hast seen it, thou shalt also be gathered unto thy people, as Aaron thy brother was gathered. For ye rebelled against my commandment in the desert of Zin, in the strife of the congregation, to sanctify me at the water before their eyes: that is the water of Meribah in Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin.

“Righteous and Forgiving”

After ALL Moses has done for this deity, he is not forgiven and now faces his punishment. In a somewhat humiliating request, Jehovah tells him to look upon the land he is NOT allowed to enter and he is going to receive the same humiliating fate his brother Aaron met. Moses seemed to a be a devoted servant who received no reward. And I highly question the motive of his devotion. Was it:

  • He was truly devoted to serving Jehovah
  • He was truly devoted to not dying or being punished by Jehovah so he followed instructions
    • Modern Christians will say the first option is correct. I say it’s the second
    • After all, Jehovah CLEARLY made an attempt to take Moses life, and he had no problems brutally punishing his brother Aaron and sister Miriam.

Moses answers:

27:16 – Let Jehovah, the *elohe* of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation, Which may got out before them, and which may go in before them, and which may lead them out, and which may bring them in; that the congregation of Jehovah be not as sheep which have no shepherd.

You tell me the Bible is applicable to all people throughout the world at all times. Yet the concept of “sheep” and a “flock” is key to understanding the culture at this time. Not every civilization had sheep and shepherds. I stand by my conclusion that this book, at least to this point, is merely for a group of people in a specific time in a specific location (historic Middle East).

Also note: Moses calls Jehovah the *elohe*/god of the spirits of all flesh.

Also, the concept that these people, with their numbers and organized tribes/families, need a “shepherd” is interesting. The story is telling us there still needs to be an intermediary between the people and their god. Their god is unable to speak to them any other way. There are no councils, no representatives, no other form of organization to speak to a supposedly almighty all knowing god?

Jehovah chooses Joshua to take Moses place, he also instructs Moses:

27:19 – And set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation; and give him a charge in their sight. And thou shalt put some of thine honour upon him, that all the congregation of the children of Israel may be obedient.

In other words, Joshua is going to replace Moses as an intermediary. Moses was a man of magic, with his supernatural staff. Is Joshua going to be the same?

Also interesting to note that Moses is going to give Joshua *some* of his honour… not all of it. Is *honor* some sort of energy source where you can mete it out as needed? A quick look at the Interlinear Hebrew and the word looks to mean more of vigor/splendor. KJV translation in action.

 

 

 

 

 

Numbers 24 – 3rd Divination; Divination for Balak; Five Deity Names

The Third Divination/Offering

With the 3rd go around, Balaam instead of seeking divination between him and Jehovah again, rather, “set his face towards the wilderness” and received a vision:

Numbers 24:2 – And Balaam lifted up his eyes, and he saw Israel abiding in his tents according to their tribes; and the spirit of Elohim came upon him. And he took up his parable, and said, Balaam the sone of Beor hath said, and the man whose eyes are open hath said: He hath said, which heard the words of Elohim, which saw the visions of sad*day (almighty), falling into a trance, but having his eyes open:

This verse is Balaam describing himself, what he initially saw, and take note that he admits he’s in a “trance” the way man diviners receive their visions.

He then goes on to poetically describe what he sees. Notice the word switching between Jacob/Isreal and Elohim/Jehovah:

24:5 – How goodly are thy tents, O Jacob, and thy tabernacles, O Israel! As the valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the river’s side, as the trees of lign aloes which Jehovah hath planted, and as cedar trees beside the waters. He shall pour the water out of his buckets, and his seed shall be in many waters, and his king shall be higher than Agag, and his kingdom shall be exalted. Elohim brought him forth out of Egypt; he hath as it were the strength of an unicorn: he shall eat up the nations his enemies, and shall break their bones, and pierce them through with arrows. He couched, he lay down as a lion, and as a great lion: who shall stir him up? Blessed is he that blesseth thee, and cursed is he that curseth thee.

Observations:

  • Jehovah has planted trees? Is he seeing into the future? Will the verse verify this?
  • Look at all the mention of “water”. Two chapters ago, the Israelites were being KILLED because they had no water and complained about it.
  • Who’s seed is being referred to in 24:7?
    • Remember: It wasn’t until Jehovah “visited” and “did that thing” to Sarah that she bore children.
    • I conclude he speaks of Jehovah’s seed. The verse speaks directly to Jacob and Israel in the first verse, but speaks of Jehovah in 3rd person
      • Verse 5 starts out speaking directly to Jacob and Israel (underlined).
      • Jehovah is mentioned in the 3rd person (red)
      • The rest of the 3rd person uses he, thus
        • Jehovah has planted lign aloes and cedar trees
        • Jehovah will pour water out of his buckets and his seed will be in many waters
        • Jehovah’s king will be higher than Agag, his kingdom will be exalted
        • Elohim brought Jehovah out of Egypt
        • Jehovah has the strength of a unicorn
          • Remember, this was already mentioned regarding Jehovah
          • Thus, it CAN NOT be referring to Isaac or Jacob
      • The verse ends back to 1st person when Balaam speaks to Isaac and Jacob saying “those who bless thee are blessed, etc.
    • My conclusion confirmed by verse: the seed referred to in 24:7 is the seed of Jehovah: the Israelites who descend from Sara being *visited* by Jehovah

So Balaam’s vision tells him the Israelites are to be blessed, and this angers King Balak because he wanted them to be cursed, and apparently, in each of the 3 divinations, Balaam put a blessing on Israel.

Remember: Who ever blesses Israel will be blessed. Balaam blessed them three times. Will this rule stand?

Balak was hoping to heap great honor upon Balaam for cursing the Israelites, however:

24:13 – If Balak would give me his house full of silver and gold, I cannot go beyond the commandment of Jehovah, to do either good or bad of mine own mind; but what Jehovah saith, that will I speak?

Notice in verse 13 Balaam clearly knows Jehovah, and calls him by his usual name Yaweh.

Balaam’s Proverb for Balak

Before Balaam returns to his people he offers a vision to Balak. Notice the usage of the three names/titles mentioned in previous verse. Three different entities? Or all the same?

24:16 – He hath said, which heard the words of God, and knew the knowledge of the most High, which saw the vision of the Almighty, falling into a trance, but having his eyes open (KJV)

Here’s the same verse using Hebrew Interlinear:

24:16 – He hath said, which heard the words of *El*, and knew the knowledge of El*Yon, which saw the vision of Sad*day…

So Balaam has attributed three different characteristics to each name:

  • El – words
  • El*Yon – knowledge
  • Sad*day – visions

Notice no mention of Yaweh/Jehovah. People argue they are one in the same. I conclude otherwise.

He explains to Balak how Israel will dominate the various peoples in the land: Moab, children of Sheth, Edom, Seir, how Amalek was destroyed forever, the Kenites will be carried away by Asshur.

24:23 – And he toook up his parable, and said, Alas, who shall live when *El* doeth this?

Ships from the coast of Kittim will come, afflict Asshur and Eber, and he (one of them?) will perish forever.

So who is Balaam referring to when he speaks of *el*? Remember, *el* is singular. Is he speaking of a different deity other than Jehovah? If not, why not just use Jehovah, as he did in verse 13?

Is there another force behind Jehovah, that gives him his power to be “strong like a unicorn”? Is this deity *El* that Balaam refers to?

The deities listed so far, for reference:

  • Elohim – gods (plural)
  • Jehovah/Yaweh – The LORD (singular)
  • El*yon – most High (singular)
  • Sad*day – Almighty (singular)
  • El – god (singular)

More questions that require rewinding back to Genesis:

  • Who is Sheth?
    • Is this the same Seth, 3rd child of Adam and Eve?
    • When did Seth’s bloodline go wrong?
    • How did Seth’s bloodline live on after Noah’s flood?
  • Who is Seir?
    • Seir was a Horite
    • Later references refer to Seir as a “land”
  • Who is Asshur?
    • Second son of Shem, Noah’s son
    • Thought to be named for Assyria, responsible for building Ninevah
    • Note that in some cases, Asshur was considered “a god”
  • Where is Kittim?
    • Thought to be an island or set of islands
    • Possibly current day Cypress
  • Who is Eber?
    • Great great grandson of Shem
    • Father of Terah, Abraham’s father

Looking at the genealogy of Eber, despite him being the grandfather of Abraham, that lineage is not part of the covenant and those people are visioned to perish forever.

This reminds me, just how did Abram end up in Ur of Chaldee, Babylon? Maybe a look back at that part in Genesis is necessary.

Numbers 23 – 3 Offerings of Divination; Elohim vs. Jehovah vs. El

The First Offering/Divination

Balaam instructs Balak to build 7 altars, and prep 7 oxen and 7 rams for sacrifice, and Balaam made these offerings.

Numbers 23:3 – And Balaam said unto Balak, Stand by thy burnt offering, and I will go: peradventure Jehovah will come to meet me: and whatsoever he sheweth me I will tell thee. And he went to an high place.

So, it’s becoming clearer that for Balaam to speak to Jehovah and/or Elohim, there needs to be a burnt offering. Isn’t this a form of divination? Isn’t divination frowned upon by modern churches? Yet, if Jehovah is the god of the modern churches, divination was definitely one way to speak to him.

Also don’t forget Abram’s divination process of cutting animals open and laying them in a pattern on the ground for Jehovah to clarify his prophecy of the future. (Genesis 15:9 – 17).

So the divination works, and Elohim meets with Balaam during the offerings, and tells Balaam what to speak to Balak.

Balaam to Balak: Balak (saying he came from Aram) summarizes how Balak has asked him to curse the Israelites. Balaam says he is not able to curse or defy anyone that Elohim has not cursed or defied. He can see Elohim from the tops of rocks and hills, and that the Israelites are to be left alone. Balaam also ends by saying he wants to die like Jacob, and die the death of righteousness (though I believe while Jacob’s death may have been righteous, his actions during his life were definitely NOT.)

In summary: King Balak brings Balaam up to a “high place”, offers burnt offerings for divination, and Balaam divines with Elohim and/or Jehovah, then tells Balak what is supposed to.

The Second Offering/Divination

Repeat this procedure again. This time Balak takes Balaam to another high place and the procedure is repeated.

Balaam to Balak: Elohim is not a man and thus does not lie. Nor is he a son of man, who repents. What he says he makes good. Balaam was told to bless, so he blessed and it can’t be reversed.

Take very close note of this next verse. Remember that Jehovah and Moses have found iniquity in the Israelites, to the point they are punished with plagues and death.

23:21 – He hath not beheld iniquity in Jacob, neither hath he seen perverseness in Israel: Jehovah his god is with him, and the shout of a king is among them.

Major Observations:

  • There seems to be a pattern on the word usage of Elohim and Yaweh (Jehovah).
    • Elohim, Yaweh, Elohim, Yaweh
  • Elohim does not see iniquity or perverseness with Jacob/the Isrealites
    • Jehovah HOWEVER has seen iniquity and has punished them multiple times
    • CAN YOU SEE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ELOHIM AND JEHOVAH!
      • They are NOT the same
  • Even the verse separates “He” (Elohim as mentioned in verse 19) from “Jehovah his god”
  • The “shout of a king” is a thing, and should be marked down for future reference

Balaam continues to speak to Balak

23:22 – Elohim brought them out of Egypt; he hat as it were the strength of the unicorn.

Ok, we are supposedly dealing with an All Mighty and All Powerful god, and he is described as having the “strength of a unicorn”? Let’s look at the Interlinear Hebrew:

23:22 – El brought them out of Egypt; he has it were the strength to of a unicorn (re*em)

Remember:

  • El – singular – “god”
  • Elohim – plural – “gods”

This changes the dynamics of this story. According to Balaam, *El* brought the Israelites out of Egypt. According to Jehovah, he *Yaweh* brought the Israelites out of Egypt. Why not just use the word Yaweh/Jehovah? Is *El* a different deity? Balaam has used the word Yaweh before, so why not now? Why the distinction?

Also note: the term “unicorn” is Hebrew *ra-am* which can also mean “wild ox”

So, according to Balaam, who’s god is Jehovah, Elohim (who is also supposed to be Jehovah and brought the Israelites out of Egypt) has the “strength of a wild ox”? That’s an ODD way to describe an omnipotent deity!

Balaam continues:

23:23 – Surely there is no enchantment against Jacob, neither is there any divination against Israel: according to this time it shall be said of Jacob and of Israel, What hath Elohim wrought!

Observations:

  • Note that the writing style differentiating Elohim/Yaweh has also changed in regards to Jacob and Israel
    • Why the term “Jacob and of Israel” if they are the same
    • Is the author and/or Balaam saying they aren’t the same?
      • No enchantment (*nahas*) against Jacob
      • No divination (*qesem*) against Israel
  • Is it really true there is no “enchantment” against Jacob/Israel?
    • Supposedly there is an enchantment aka BLESSING for Jacob/Israel
      • Enchantment: *nahas*
      • Blessing: *barak*

The Third Offering Divination

As if the individual who applied verse numbers to these books (remember there was no original “bible” and verse and chapter numbers were man made), we are told a 3rd  offering was made (7 and 7 again) but Numbers 23 ends.

 

 

 

Numbers 14 – KJV Mistranslation! Jehovah Punishes Again; No Forgiveness!

Apparently, the Israelites who were NOT spies, realizing the land they were about to enter was filled with giants of great power, began to mourn at their prospective future. In an oft repeated theme I like to point out when comparing their captivity in Egypt to their captivity under Jehovah, the Israelites react:

Numbers 14:2 – And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God had we died in this wilderness!

Notice that I left the word “God” in this verse, which I have not done recently. In the past I have inserted the word Elohim, Jehovah, or the various other names of potentially different deities. Why this time? Because I believe KJV (and thus MAN) has mistranslated this verse from the original Hebrew. Here’s the interlinear:

would god
Note that “lu” is translated as “would God” when there is NO word in the phrase that would point to the eventual translation to “God”

The translators of the Bible lose major credibility with mistranslation like this. When you look at non-KJV versions, you see their translation is more aligned with the original Hebrew (see biblehub.com)

What’s Strong’s Concordance say about “lu” (word 3683):

if god
Note that NOWHERE else when “lu” is used, is the word “God” inserted into the translation. MAN has forced this translation to fit into his meaning. Isn’t this blasphemy?

It’s hard to want to move forward with the KJV bible when evidence of mistranslation like this shows up.

Back to the story…

The Israelites once again repeat their disdain with their current situation:

14:3 – And wherefore hath Jehovah brought us into this land, to fall by the sword, that our wives and our children should be a prey? were it not better for us to return into Egypt?

Apparently, the “miracles” and “power” of Jehovah up to this point were not enough to persuade the Israelites that they are in no danger. What does this mean?

  • Jehovah’s powers, and his powers through Moses, were complete exaggerations
  • The Israelites had no regard for Jehovah’s powers

The Israelites ask to make a captain for them, and to return to Egypt. Moses and Aaron react negatively falling on their faces (14:5). Joshua and Caleb, rent their clothes (14:6).

14:7 – And they spake unto all the company of the children of Israel, saying, The land, which we passed through to search it, is an exceeding good land.

But WAIT! Didn’t they return with an “evil” report that the land was consuming its inhabitants?! So did they lie about their evil report? Or are they lying about it being a “exceeding good land”?

Here’s the ultimate in warnings. We already know what Jehovah is capable of when it comes to punishing his own people:

14:9 – Only rebel not ye against Jehovah, neither fear ye the people of the land; for they are bread for us: their defence is departed from them, and Jehovah is with us: fear them not.

Interesting verse. The people in Canaan are “bread” for the Israelites… are they going to eat them?

And more importantly, they are saying that the people they are about to slaughter ARE DEFENSELESS.

Note, my KJV version says “defence” = “shadow” aka “their shadow is departed from them…”

Regardless, the Israelites wanted to stone Moses, Aaron, and possibly Joshua and Caleb. Even Jehovah does not understand how his *signs* have not struck complete fear into the Israelites:

14:11 – And Jehovah said unto Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me, for all the signs which I have shewed among them.

Remember he boasted he was “righteous and forgiving”:

14:12 – I will smite them with the pestilence, and disinherit them, and will make of thee a greater nation and mightier than they.

Jehovah is more than willing to destroy “his” people, and pass the covenant on to Moses and  his kin. He boasts he would make Moses a “greater” nation, but how in the world can this be true if he can’t even control his current people? What’s he going to do differently with Moses’ kin as compared to Jacob’s kin? Exact more brutal punishment for not following him?

Moses, speaking to a supposedly almighty god, tries to persuade Jehovah:

14:13 – And Moses said unto Jehovah, Then the Egyptians shall hear it, (for thou broughtest up this people in thy might from among them;) And they will tell it to the inhabitants of this land: for they have heard that thou Jehovah art among his people…

Once again, Moses throws the Egyptians in the face of Jehovah, the concept that Egyptians would think negatively of Jehovah, in order to change Jehovah’s mind. Apparently we now find that the Egyptians are in communication with the Canaanites (which shouldn’t be surprising considering that trade routes and intermingling of cultures are widespread despite the Bible’s insistence that this group of people are isolated under their patron god.)

14:15 – Now if thou shalt kill all this people as one man, then the nations which have heard the fame of thee will speak, saying, Because Jehovah was not able to bring this people into the land which he sware unto them, therefore he hath slain them in the wilderness.

Moses has just called into question, the almighty power of Jehovah. He’s basically saying “You promised this people this land, yet you could not deliver, and you had to kill them, what would the people already in this land think!?”

Powerful verse. He’s telling Jehovah that his inability to keep his promises to his own people will make him look weak in the eyes of the people in the land of Canaan.

How much more proof do you need that Jehovah is not an all powerful or almighty deity?!

This is a very BOLD statement for Moses to make in front of a deity that has shown no inhibition to destroy, burn, and murder his own people. So Moses goes into to kiss-up mode to avoid Jehovah’s wrath:

14:18 – Jehovah is longsuffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, and by no means clearing the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation. Pardon, I beseech thee, the iniquity of this people, from Egypt until now.

Jehovah concedes to Moses’ plea. But, there are conditions:

14:20 – And Jehovah said, I have pardoned according to thy word. But as truly as I live, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of Jehovah. Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tempted me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to my voice. Surely they shall not see the land which I sware unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked me see it.

Seriously, focus on the Jehovah’s own words and compare it to the boasts that not only makes of himself, but also the boasts of Moses.

Did he seriously say he PARDONED the people? Did he also say “hearkened to my voice” when he won’t even speak to the Israelites directly? He has just said that everyone alive at the time will not enter the land he promised them. If that’s the case, then his “sware” became a “LIE”.

Ah, but there’s one exception: Caleb, who in previous Chapter believed the Israelites should immediately move into the land of Canaan with no fear while the rest of them feared.

14:24 – But my servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and hath followed me fully, him will I bring into the land whereinto he went; and his seed shall possess it.

Just what was this “another spirit” that Caleb had in him? We know that, in previous verse, the word spirit also meant human emotion, so while everyone else showed fear, Caleb showed bravery (or foolishness depending on which side of the aisle you are on.)

14:26 – And Jehovah spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, How long shall I bear with this evil congregation, which murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against me. Say unto them, As truly as I live, saith Jehovah, as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you:

Note the phrase that Jehovah, supposedly an all-knowing and all-powerful god, repeats: “…as truly as I live…” does this mean Jehovah has a life expectancy?

“Righteous and Forgiving”

14:29 – Your carcasses shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, which have murmured against me, Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, concerning which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun.

All those in the presence at the time, 20 years and older, will die in the wilderness. DESPITE THE FACT that Jehovah SWORE they would enter their land. In other words, Jehovah is admitting he’s breaking a VOW.

The only ones alive at the moment who will enter Canaan are Caleb and Joshua. No mention of women, however, considering the fact that women are simply property to the culture at this time, it’s not surprising. Note that Moses and Aaron are not considered exclusions to this mandate, they too will not enter the land.

So if the current Israelites aren’t going to enter the land, then their children will. What kind of situation will the children be looking at?

14:32 – But as for you, your carcasses, they shall fall in this wilderness. And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear your whoredoms, until your carcasses be wasted in the wilderness.

So the children are going to watch their parents DIE in the wilderness, and the children will roam the wilderness for 40 years, and they are supposed to somehow find favor in the deity that swore to their parents they would enter the land, and then broke that vow?! Is it any wonder the children also defied this tyrant deity?! (spoiler alert).

Even Jehovah admits he’s broke his vow:

14:34 – After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise.

It gets worse:

14:36 – And the men, which Moses sent to search the land, who returned, and made all the congregation to murmur against him, by bringing up a slander upon the land, Even those men that did bring up the evil report upon the land, died by the plague before Jehovah.

“Righteous and Forgiving”

The Israelites mourned at the current situation. The subjugated people attempted to reconcile, after all they have just watched their own people die from the plague, what other recourse do they have?

14:40 – And they rose up early in the morning, and gat them up into the top of the mountain, saying, Lo, we be here, and will go up unto the place which Jehovah hath promised: for we have sinned.

So the people seek penance, their sin was having *doubt* (they were humans after all, we all have doubt). So what does Moses and Jehovah do?

14:41 – And Moses said, Wherefore now do ye transgress the commandment of Jehovah? but it shall not prosper. Go not up, for Jehovah is not among you; that ye be not smitten before your enemies. For the Amalekites and the Canaanites are there before you, and ye shall fall by the sword: because ye are turned away from Jehovah, therefore Jehovah will not be with you.

No forgiveness to be seen, despite Jehovah boasting he is “Righteous and Forgiving”.

14:45 – Then the Amalekites came down, and the Canaanites which dwelt in that hill, and smote them, and discomfited them, even unto Hormah.

So the people, being simple humans and having doubt, turn to Moses and Jehovah for penance, and are ignored and allowed to be punished by the Amalekites and Canaanites.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Numbers 13 – Spying on Canaan; Giants!

The land of Canaan is near, and Jehovah tells Moses to send out men to “spy” on the land of Canaan before they enter it.

Why would an all knowing god need his people to send spies to see what the land they are headed to looks like?

Moses sends Jehoshua (aka Joshua) to lead the spies.

Geographical note: They are in the wilderness of Paran, and Moses instructs them to go *south* and to go up the mountain to look down on the land (Numbers 13:17).

Considering they traveled north from Egypt, why would the end up going south? More research needs to be done on this one. What we are looking for is a mountain north of Canaan that the Israelites would be able to travel to without actually traveling through Canaan.

It was grape harvesting season, and this is what happens next:

Numbers 13:22 – And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypty)

Note: The author is making the assumption that the reader knows not only Anak, but his children, and also knows a land called Hebron and Zoan. Written for the people of the time or applicable for people in the future?

13:23 – And they came unto the brook (KJV note: valley) of Eschol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs.

These had to be GIANT grapes, for one cluster to be carried between two men holding a staff. Will future verse expound on the concept of giant fruits? Giant people? A land of giant things?

grapes-on-stick
Author example of a Biblical author and his exaggeration? Or were the grapes really gargantuan in size?

Joshua and his spies returned after 40 days of spying. In the spies own words to Moses:

13:27 – And they told him, and said, We came unto the land whither thou sentest us, and surely it floweth with milk and honey; and this is the fruit of it. Nevertheless the people be strong that dwell in the land, and the cities are walled, and very great: and morever we saw the children of Anak there.

Ok, from an anthropological point of view: If there are giant grapes (and seeds) and great, walled cities, surely there would be some physical evidence of them today? Or is the author going to tell us that EVERYTHING (walls and giant things) was wiped out when the Israelites enter the land? I look forward to discovering.

Here are the aforementioned indigenous peoples and their location in Canaan:

  • Amalekites in the south
  • Hittites, Jebusites, Amorites in the mountains
  • Canaanites by the sea and the coast of Jordan

If the Israelites have spent the past few generations in Egypt, how in the world did they know who the sons of Anak were? Or what the names of said people living in Canaan?

So the land is flowing with milk and honey, the grapes are substantial, but apparently all is not good with the land.

13:32 – And they brought up an evil report of the land which they had searched unto the children of Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to search it, is a land that eateth up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people that we saw in it are men of great stature.

Look at the language in this verse, how it contradicts:

  • The land is flowing with milk and honey
    • Yet we are told it is “evil”
  • The land is eating up its inhabitants
    • Yet we are told the inhabitants, ALL of them, are men of great stature

So the land, which flows with milk and honey, is evil, and is eating up men of great stature.

Is this great stature literal? The people are giants? Or does stature refer to ordinary, yet, mighty men, men of renown (as we saw in Genesis 6). Genesis 6:4 tells us there were giants in the days of Noah, AND afterwards.

To answer the question in their own words:

13:33 – And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.

Let’s rephrase the earlier conclusion:

The land, which flows with milk and honey, is evil, and is eating up giants.

Does this make sense? Are there giant bones found in Canaan today?

Let’s go to the Hebrew interlinear for some clarification: the term translated into giants is *Nephilim*. Strongs Concordance (word 5303) translates *nephilim* as stemming from the word (5307) *nephal* which means, “to fall”. Were these fallen beings?

If they were “giants” or “fallen ones”, then WHO was Anak?

Rabbit hole? Go look up the Annunaki, and notice the similarity between the name Anak and the name Annunaki.

Anyhow, the spies have mentioned that they were like grasshoppers in the sight of the giants. Yet they say the land is eating up its inhabitants (as if to justify the upcoming genocide by pointing to the concept that the land is corrupted).

Numbers 11 – Complainers; Jehovah’s Wrath; Prophesy; More Death!

Numbers 11:1 – And when the people complained, it displeased Jehovah: and Jehovah heard it; his anger was kindled; and the fire of Jehovah burnt among them, and consumed them that were in the uttermost parts of the camp.

Let’s rephrase this with the KJV footnotes I have:

Numbers 11:1 – And when the people were as it were complainers, it was evil in the ears of Jehovah…

See that? Complaining is *evil*. Note that there is no mention of the devil BTW, who is supposedly the source of evil in modern church philosophy.

Remember, this is a god that boasts that he is “Righteous and Forgiving”

The spot where the burning of the people took place was named Taberah, because “the fire of Jehovah burnt among them”

The last time we heard the “fire of/from Jehovah” was Sodom and Gomorrah, where fire and brimstone rained down upon the city, again, like a volcanic eruption.

It must have been a serious set of circumstances because, despite some already being burnt to death:

11:4 – And the mixt multitude that was among them fell a lusting; and the children of Israel also (returned and) wept again, and said, Who shall give us flesh to eat?

Still think that the Israelites saw the Exodus and servitude to Jehovah as being better than living in Egypt?

11:5 – We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick: But now our soul is dried away: there is nothing at all, beside this manna, before our eyes.

Remember back in the Elohim creation story, as well as Elohim’s instructions to Noah and his family that left the ark? They were told that ALL plants and herbs and animals were there for them to subjugate and eat. This includes fish, and cucumbers, and melons, etc. NO MENTION OF MANNA.

What is happening here? This Jehovah deity is breaking the mandates of the Creation and the Replenishment of the earth by only providing manna for the people to eat. Isn’t this going against the mandate that was already put in place, supposedly by him?

So, ALL THIS TIME, all the people had to eat was manna, and they were not happy about it. This strengthens my argument that these people were taken out of “slavery” in Egypt and given a new form of slavery that they are not happy with.

Moses’ heard the cries of the people, and panic set in. He pleads with Jehovah, asking him what he did to deserve this affliction and burden, and he pleads that the burden is too heavy. Harking to the Moses of old:

11:15 – And if thou deal thus with me, kill me, I pray thee, out of hand, if I have found favour in thy sight; and let me not see my wretchedness.

So, the supposedly almighty god, capable of ANYTHING in the universe, has a solution: spread the pain of the burden. He tells Moses to gather 70 elders and to bring them to the tabernacle to stand with him.

11:17 – And I (Jehovah) will come down and talk with thee there: and I will take of the spirit which is upon thee, and will put it upon them; and they shall bear the burden of the people with thee, that thou bear it not thyself alone.

So, rather than providing the Israelites with what we would consider basic food (fish and vegetables), he decides to pass this spirit of “wretchedness” on to a bunch of elders so that Moses isn’t carrying it all by himself. So instead of one man being wretched, 70 elderly people will be wretched with him.

11:18 – And say thou unto the people, Sanctify yourselves against to morrow, and ye shall eat flesh: for ye have wept in the ears of Jehovah, saying, Who shall give us flesh to eat? for it was well with us in Egypt: therefore Jehovah will give you flesh, and ye shall eat.

In a sadistic and sarcastic manner, Jehovah continues:

11:19 – Ye shall not eat one day, nor two days, nor five days, neither ten days, nor twenty days; But even a whole month, until it comes out at your nostrils, and it be loathsome unto you: because that ye have despised Jehovah which is among you, and have wept before him, saying, Why came we forth out of Egypt?

Can we not continue to conclude that the people “worship” and follow the commands of this god, not out of loyalty and thanks, but out of fear?! Look at his response to a mere human condition of complaining? Would you stuff your children’s mouths and nostrils with food if they complained they were hungry?

Moses questions Jehovah, asking him just how Moses is going to supply all the “flesh” to eat, asking if cooking all their “flocks”.

So now we know the purpose of their flock, at this juncture, was NOT for food (as it was in previous verse in Genesis and as commanded during Creation and after the Flood), but the flock merely existed to supply Jehovah with offerings!

The event of “passing the spirit of wretchedness” took place. What happened to those who received the spirit:

11:25 – And Jehovah came down in a cloud, and spake unto him, and took of the spirit that was upon him, and gave it unto the seventy elders: and it came to pass, that, when the spirit rested upon them, they prophesied, and did not cease.

The first mention of prophecy. So just what did they prophecy about? Does the word used here actually mean what we are told “prophecy” is?

Take a look at Strong’s Concordance (word 5012:naba) to this particular word. It can also mean “rave”, as in “raving lunatic”. Just what really happened to these elders? Were the speaking of the future, or were they, after receiving a “spirit”, possessed and raving? Will we see future events where people receive a “spirit” and then go into an unnatural state?

Apparently two elders, Eldad and Medad, began to prophesize/rave *outside* of the tabernacle, which must have been taboo, so Joshua tells Moses to forbid them:

11:29 – And Moses said unto him, Enviest thou for my sake? would God* that all Jehovah’s people were prophets, and that Jehovah would put his spirit upon them!

Can we conclude that prophesying/raving was something that normally happened inside the tabernacle?

Back to the eating of “flesh”. In a telling statement that Jehovah does NOT want the flocks to be turned into food (meaning they were ALL for him and his offerings):

11:31 – And there went forth a wind from Jehovah, and brought quails from the sea, and let them fall by the camp, as it were a day’s journey on this side, and as it were a day’s journey on the other side, round about the camp, and as it were two cubits high upon the face of the earth.

So, while the people suddenly have meat to eat:

11:33 – And while the flesh was yet between their teeth, ere it was chewed, the wrath of Jehovah was kindled against the people, and Jehovah smote the people with a very great plague.

“Righteous and Forgiving”

The place where the plague was kindled was then called Kibroth-hattaavah, because “there they buried the people that lusted” aka the “graves of lust”

Notice the word usage here: “lust”. The connotation of lust is negative. Go back to the beginning of the chapter and realize the people just wanted to eat regular food. Is that LUST?! Especially considering that Elohim creation and the family of Noah were told that all plant and animals were there for them to eat. ALL plant and animals.

So now we see the Israelites being punished for something mankind was told to do during Creation and Post-Flood. It almost seems Jehovah has hijacked these people away from the commands of the Elohim and made his own set of rules.

Yet I was taught that it was all one god in the Bible? Jehovah is proving that he is completely different than previous versions.

 

 

 

 

Leviticus 26 – The Law: When the Israelites Obey

In a sort of summary of all that he has commanded thus far, Jehovah repeats a plethora of rules, but this time, tells them what happens when:

  • The Israelites follow his commandments
  • The Israelites disobey his commandments

Today we know that many scientific and biological factors are involved when it comes to growing good crops and harvests. To the Israelites? It all depends on Jehovah and how they follow his rules.

If the Israelites follow:

  • Rain will fall in due season; land and trees will yield their fruits
  • They will eat their bread in full and live in safety
  • There will be peace in the land; they will fear no one and there will be no war and he will chase evil beasts out of the land
    • Just what are these evil beasts?
    • Strongs Hebrew interlinear describes this as “living”
      • Evil living
      • All evil creatures? Man and animal? Other? (Genesis 6:4)
      • For the most part, “beast” has been translated as “animal”
      • Another KJV translation anomaly
  • They will chase their enemies and vanquish them by the sword with supernatural odds (5 men can subdue 100, etc.)
  • Jehovah will respect them, multiply them(*), and “establish” his covenant with them
    • Wasn’t the covenant already established with Abraham?
    • Are we going to see a new or revised covenant?
  • They will eat old store, and new store will replace the old
  • The tabernacle will be among them, and he will not abhor them
  • He will walk among them (?) he will be their le*elohim (god) and they will be his people
    • Will he really literally walk among them?
    • Something to watch out for in future verse

A basic rundown of the benefits of following this god. I have to ask though, just what is the end game? As people prosper and multiply, as he promised they would if the obeyed him, land will start to become scarce (see the story of Abraham and Lot and their flocks.) The land of Canaan, while somewhat vast, is minuscule in the scope of the land masses of the world as we know it.

(*) At some point the land would be full, and the people would need to expand. Just how realistic is this covenant? If the covenant was forever, how would the land deal with an exponentially growing population? How many generations would it take to fill the land of Canaan when all that happens within its borders is growth and fruitfulness? It would almost seem like population control (an easy way of saying famine, war, death) would be needed to make it perpetually viable. Was the plan for this Bronze Age people to stay in the Bronze Age?

This covenant sounds like a pipe dream being sold to people already in servitude (or their descendants generations later looking for hope), as if it’s some consolation they are no longer being held in Egypt (which they stated early on, they preferred.)

No mention of the rest of the world that Jehovah supposedly created. He created the entire world but decides he’s going to stay in this one little locale with a group of servants? Sorry, I’m not buying a) he created the universe and b) his covenant had any realistic way of succeeding for any long period of time.

So this is the best the people get if they follow his rules. What happens when they do not? Next blog post.

And you know human nature, it’s hard to follow rules when you are a truly free people. Not so hard when you are under duress of slavery and servitude with punishment of death all around you as we find the Israelites under Jehovah.

 

Leviticus 22 & 23 – Rules for Aaron & his Sons; Feasts

Leviticus 22 – Rules pertaining to Aaron and his Sons

Jehovah instructs Moses regarding the sons of Aaron:

Leviticus 22:2 – Speak unto Aaron and to his sons, that they separate themselves from the holy things of the children of Israel, and that they profane not my holy name in those things which they hallow unto me: I am Jehovah.

So what are these holy ‘things’ Aaron and his sons need to separate themselves from? Let’s look at the Hebrew interlinear, to see how the KJV version has translated this:

Interlinear: Speak unto Aaron and his sons, that they abstain from the holy gifts of the children of Israel…

Gifts vs. Things… how did the translation become so skewed between KJV and Interlinear Hebrew translation? This is not confidence inspiring, at all, in regards to the KJV being translated as originally intended.

More mundane rules regarding clean, unclean, food rules, the blemished, fill the rest of Leviticus 22, rules which make little to zero sense in modern times. What’s interesting is how the author ends this, and many other chapters. As if needing to qualify WHY he is setting the rules and WHY his rules should be followed, as if at some point the Israelites are going to question his authority:

22:33 – (I am Jehovah, which hallow you) That brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your le*elohim (god): I am Jehovah.

Leviticus 23 – Feasts and Offerings

Leviticus 23 repeats many rules regarding feasts and offerings. Also of note is that the “corners” of the fields are to be left for the poor and the stranger (as mentioned in previous chapter.)

We learn of a new “day”, a day of atonement:

Leviticus 23:27 – Also on the tenth day of the seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto Jehovah.

How does one “afflict” their own soul? Just what are they making atonement for? What Jehovah does say that anyone that works on this day of atonement he will DESTROY.

In a nod to a cultural specific ritual in the world of these Middle Eastern peoples, we get a glimpse of a ritual:

23:40 – And  ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before Jehovah your god seven days.

So how do they rejoice? Dance with these boughs and branches? Hold them? Decorate their homes with them? Would be interested to find out if any similar ritual exists in the Middle East today, or if there is more detail on how these items were used.

As yet another reminder that Jehovah wants his legacy as the one who brought them out of Egypt (when we must remember, they didn’t want to leave, and they really could have left without his help as the story says the Egyptians wanted them gone), he instructs them again:

23:42 – Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths: That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am Jehovah your god.

Easily a verse that could have been inserted to describe this cultures manner of dwelling in booths (can we assume these are tents?)

What’s interesting is the concept that Jehovah does not want them to forget these things. If they really truly believed in the benefit of being pulled out of Egypt and living in booths, wouldn’t they never forget? Or is it a reminder to them that Jehovah controls their world and that they OWE him for his actions in Egypt and in the desert.

Actions that are questionably not righteous, honest, or beneficial to these peoples.

Jehovah’s personality of being insecure regarding “his” people is interesting to say the least, especially coming from what we are told is the god that created the universe who is coming off sounding more like an insecure man-king ruling over a hard to rule peoples.

 

 

Leviticus 18 – Cultures, Nakedness, Abominations

Jehovah speaks to Moses telling him to tell the Israelites:

Leviticus 18:3 – After the doings of the land of Egypt, wherein ye dwelt, shall ye not do: and after the doings of the land of Canaan, whither I bring you, shall ye not do: neither shall ye walk in their ordinances.

So there are cultural practices and norms that Jehovah does not want them to do, practices they did in Egypt, and practices of the people of Canaan.

Nakedness

The concept of “uncovering nakedness” has been somewhat ambiguous. When Noah’s nakedness was uncovered by Ham, it was such a serious event that Noah cursed his own grandson, (ironically Canaan). So there is more to this “uncovering” than I believe Ham seeing his own father nude. We get hints that “uncovering” a female relatives nakedness meant actually laying with her in a sexual manner. Did some perverse sexual encounter take place with Ham and Noah that the author didn’t describe? All we are told is that Ham told his brothers, who then came and covered their father (but didn’t look at his nakedness) yet Ham’s son was cursed for it all!

Jehovah lays out rules about “uncovering nakedness” and after reviewing Leviticus 18:6 through 18, it really does sound like a mandate to prevent incest within family members, blood or marriage relatives. Also included are “approaching” (as is used in verses 6-18) an unclean woman to “uncover her nakedness” or “laying carnally” with your neighbors wife.

IS JEHOVAH THE ONLY DEITY AROUND AT THIS TIME?

18:21 – And thou shalt not let any of thy seed pass through the fire to Molech, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy god…

Who is Molech? It is a deity? It is a concept/idea? Why is this name capitalized in the text the way a proper name is? Modern interpretation tells us that children were sacrificed to Molech by burning them. Was Abraham familiar with the deity or concept of Molech? After all he was willing sacrifice Jacob to Jehovah at his request, WITHOUT QUESTION! Is this concept of child sacrifice normalized to these Hebrew peoples at this time?

  • It is an abomination to lie with mankind as it is to lie with womankind
    • This the verse that tells us that “the Bible says” homosexuality is immoral (Leviticus 18:22)
    • What is the punishment for breaking this rule?
  • It is an abomination to lie with Animals
    • It is not considered an abomination but “confusion” (Leviticus 18:23)
    • Does this concept go back to Genesis 6, pre-flood world where (in Elohim terms) ALL CREATION (animals and man) were defiled?

18:24 – Defile not  ye yourselves in any of these things: for in all these the nations that are defiled which I cast out before you: And the land is defiled: therefore I do visit the iniquity thereof upon it, and the land itself vomiteth out her inhabitants.

This verse :24 accomplishes multiple goals:

  • Lays down future law
  • Explains the reasoning for the supposed upcoming slaughter of the indigenous people of Canaan (who are related to the Israelites through Abraham)

Interesting chapter. We get some specifics on the people that are about to be genocided, and why Jehovah lays out certain rules to his people.

Sidenote: If Jehovah supposedly created the heavens and the earth and breathed life into ALL mankind, then he really screwed up by allowing his creation to go against him. This concept that creator does not have control over his creation flies in the face of what we are told “god” is today, that ALL THINGS are possible with god. Not only that, Jehovah has never claimed that these Canaanite nations, nor the Egyptians, were his creation. This is an assumption that is made.

Not only that, the whole PURPOSE of the Great Flood was a FAILURE. There is still “evil” on earth (yet the word evil hasn’t really been used, instead we get the term “defiled”.)

Not once has he said “my creation is compromised”. Is it because he is embarrassed by the creation? Or that he really didn’t create man and is merely responsible for this one group of people which he “inherited” according to Moses.

18:27 – (For all these abominations have the men of the land done, which were before you, and the land is defiled;) That the land spue not you out also, when ye defile it, as it spued out the nations that were before you.

This verse is talking about the future as if it were in the past (“as it spued” = past tense) yet the nations of Canaan, at this point in the narrative and timeline, have yet to be removed. This tells me this text was written long after the events took place. Which also tells me that much of the explanation of events could very well be made up to explain the past (Sodom & Gomorrah destroyed by volcanic activity – Explanation: the people MUST HAVE been wicked to suffer such a fate, etc.)

Also note: NONE of the defilement has been attributed to Satan.