Genesis 9 – A Covenant with Man, Food, and a Sign of the Covenant

God blesses Noah and his sons, again tells them to be fruitful and multiply and man is given domain over every beast, every bird, all the fishes of the sea.

Genesis 9:3 – EVERY moving thing that liveth shall be food for you; as the green herb have I given you all.

God tells them they can it eat all. Doesn’t this contradict what Jehovah eventually tells them in regards to CLEAN and UNCLEAN animals? God makes no distinction here. God’s instructions continue:

9:4 – But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.

“Flesh with the life, which is the blood…” Ok, this is where it gets somewhat ambiguous, most animals have life and blood in them (according to our modern standards.) This almost sounds like a commandment to be Vegans. What makes more sense is that God is referring to life as in human life, an explicit instruction against cannibalism. Not sure but these are two possible interpretations.

NOW we see a verbal Covenant created between God and Noah. Note the difference between Jehovah, thinking in his heart, that he will no longer smite animals and the earth for the sins of man.

But first, let’s look back at what Jehovah said post flood:

Genesis 8:21 And Jehovah smelled the sweet savor; and Jehovah said IN HIS HEART, I will not again curse the ground any more for man’s sake … neither again will I smite any more everything living, as I have done.

Compare to what God says post flood:

9:11 (God to Noah) And I will establish my covenant to you; neither shall ALL flesh be cut off any more by the waters of the flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth…. 9:13 I do set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be for a token of a covenant between me and the earth (God later describes as Noah/man and every living creature).

Jehovah’s words are interesting. We dealt with a flood (indicated by the words of God in verse 9:11), not a cursing of the ground. The ground was cursed back with Adam and Eve. Is this what Jehovah is referring to, the original curse? He also says he “smote” every living thing. This word is ambiguous defined as a strike/hit which doesn’t necessarily cause death, though in later use it can also be attributed to a kill.

Back to the covenant with God. Noah and his sons, Shem, Ham, and Japeth: “… of these was the whole earth overspread.” So now we’ve reset the original peoples, and all can be traced back to Shem, Ham, and Japeth and now we have a sign that will appear that will remind God of his covenant with life on earth.

noah rainbow

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Genesis 8 – Water & the Return to the Earth

Water didn’t just come from above, it also came out of the earth:

Genesis 8:1 – And God remembered Noah, and all the beasts, and all the cattle that were with him in the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters assuaged; the fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained.

If the entire globe floods with water, how and where does the extra water subside too? Ice caps are one way of drawing this water out from the earth. It almost sounds like water returned back *into* the earth from the fountains it once poured out of.

One question I have is, just how different was the earth (temperature, rainfall, flora, etc.) after flood? Not sure if it will be mentioned but that is one question that gets raised. Reason being, if something did change atmospherically in our historical record, it would be a good correlation to tie into the story of a world wide flood.

The ark. Where did it go?

7:4 And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the 17th day of the month, upon the MOUNTAINS of Ararat.

Ararat
The mountains of Ararat (not just Mt Ararat)

Was it large enough that it sat upon multiple mountains at once? To put all the known life we know exists on the earth today into one vessel, it would have to be enormous. Of course, God gave explicit measurements on the size of this ark so, in terms of dimensions, I see no mystery. How everything was squeezed into it is another story.

So after 40 days Noah sends a raven out, not really indicating why, but we are told the raven goes to and fro until the waters dried.  Then he sent a dove out which found no footing, and he tried again 7 days later, and this time the dove returns with an olive leaf. 7 days later he sends the dove out again and the dove never returns.

Well there just went ONE of the TWO doves. We can only assume its partner ended up finding him/her otherwise they were doomed to go out of existence.

So we are told we are now in the 601st year, first month, first day of the month when Noah opens a window and sees dry ground. In the 601st year, 2nd month, 27 day of the month, God speaks to Noah and tells him to return to land with all the animals he harbored and again repeats the mantra from the Creation in Book 1 to go forth and multiply.

So far so good.

Noah then builds an altar to Jehovah and offers a burnt offering of every clean beast and bird. But wait, we were told he brought TWO  of each. Wouldn’t a burnt offering kill one of the two? So now the SEVEN and SEVEN would make more sense, but looking back we are told he only brought TWO.

So which story is incorrect?

Regardless, Jehovah enjoyed the sweet savor of burning flesh of the clean animals, and he said in his heart (which I read as he didn’t tell this to Noah or to anyone else):

8:21… and Jehovah said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man’s sake, for that the imagination of man is evil from his youth

This is interesting because we are often under the impression, in modern Western culture anyways, that children are innocent. I don’t know many evil (as defined here) youth. Not saying they don’t exist but this verse is being applied to all man.

Also, can we attribute burning flesh to a sweet savor? This has always struck me as odd, why would a spiritual being require earthly sensations and senses to be pleased?

Genesis 7: Did Noah follow God’s or Jehovah’s instructions?

I’ve shown the difference between God’s instructions to Noah vs. Jehovah’s instructions to Noah in the previous post. On the day Jehovah tells Noah he will cause it to rain for 40 days and 40 nights, he tells Noah it will occur in seven days, and when it happens, everything Jehovah created will perish (note that what Jehovah lists as his creations is NOT every being on earth, also addressed in previous posts.) Important verse:

Genesis 7:5 – And Noah did according unto all that Jehovah commanded him.

Note: Jehovah commanded him to bring 7 and 7 of unclean creatures and birds. So what are we told Noah actually did?

Genesis 7:8 – Of clean beasts, and of beasts that are not clean, and of birds, and of everything that creepeth upon the ground, there went in TWO and TWO unto Noah in the ark, male and female, as God commanded Noah.

Major contradiction!

What’s going on here?

This concept that Noah followed God instead of Jehovah is repeated in verses Genesis 7:13 – 16, where it once again says that Noah followed God’s commandment of TWO and TWO. Here’s an interesting verse to piggy back on what could very well indicate the idea that God and Jehovah were separate beings:

Genesis 7:16 – And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God commanded him: and Jehovah shut him in .

Now verse is confirming, again, that Noah followed God’s instructions, not Jehovah’s. However Jehovah was the one who shut the door/secured the living flesh into the ark so he is still part of the picture.

Now the flood comes, 40 days of rain upon the earth. All flesh died, (flesh that moved upon the earth that is): birds, cattle, beasts, every creeping thing, and every man. To add to the mystery of the flood we have the following verse:

Genesis 7:22 – all in whose nostrils was the breath of the spirit of life, of all that was on the dry land, died.

All on the DRY LAND died. What about those that lived in the WET LAND, aka the waters?

For a quantitative view of the flood, verse 24 says the waters prevailed upon the earth for 150 days, approximately 5 months.

So we have rainfall that lasted for 40 days/nights, and the water was risen (prevailed) for 150 days.

Ark and the Flood
40 – 190 days total for the effects of the flood, as described in the Bible. What a sight that would be to look upon a giant ark carrying two of all creatures of the land and sky, floating upon the deluge. The chaos of it all. Predator vs Prey in one vessel for that long.

The logistics of creating an ark that could carry every animal on the earth, for up to 190 days, including food, water, and the subsequent waste created, is absolutely amazing. I have to say this has to be one of the more fascinating events to take place.

Could the creation of the ark and the ability to put two of every living thing (of dry land) on the ark to make them survive a global deluge be replicated today??

Genesis 6 and 7:1 – The mystery of Noah’s dual instructions

In the latter part of Genesis 6, God gives instructions to Noah on how to build the ark, and describes his covenant with Noah, his wife, his 3 sons, and his sons wives. Doesn’t say how many wives of his sons however, we can’t assume there are 3 wives because we know that polygamy has already been mentioned and normalized.

God’s instructions to Noah regarding what we are told are “animals” but in the Bible are called “… every living thing of all flesh…” are found in verse 19:

Genesis 6:19 (God speaking to Noah which started in verse 13) – And of every living thing of all flesh, two of every sort shalt thou bring into the ark, to keep them alive with thee; they shall be male and female. Of the birds after their kind, and of the cattle after their kind, of every creeping thing of the ground after its kind, two of every sort shall come unto thee, to keep them alive.

Pretty straight forward, 2 of each, birds, cattle, and creepers of the ground. Again I beg the question, what about sea creatures?

The story changes a bit, however, when we get into Genesis 7:1 when Jehovah gives his instructions (emphasis is mine):

Genesis 7:2 (Jehovah speaking to Noah) – Of every clean beast thou shalt take to thee SEVEN and SEVEN, the male and his female; and of the beasts that are not clean two, the male and his female: of the birds also of the heavens, SEVEN and SEVEN, male and female…”

See the difference? God says bring two of each, Jehovah adds the detail about 7 and 7.

So here is where I beg the question: Why do Jehovah’s instructions include extra “beasts” from God’s instructions?  All I want is for the reader to acknowledge the difference in instructions because the answer comes later. So what really happened on the Ark of Noah?

The Ark
Two or Seven? God or Jehovah? The verses are clear and the answer is not.

The mysteries abound but I know we are just getting started, because most people (believers and non-believers) know what happens next in the story.

Genesis 6 Part 2 – The Wicked Earth, Noah, & Jehovah vs God part 1

The nephilim/giants walk the earth, unnatural creations of “the daughters of man” and “the sons of God” and the earth fills with wickedness and violence. These nephilim/giants are called “men that were of old, the men of renown.”

So, judging by the subsequent verse, the earth being filled with nephilim/giants was not a good thing. Here is Jehovah’s response to what is happening on earth:

Genesis 6:5 – And Jehovah saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth… 6:7 And Jehovah said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the ground; both man, beast, and creeping things, and birds of the heavens; for it repenteth me that I made them.

Does this include ALL living things? Or just the things that Jehovah takes credit for creating. No mention of fish or other animals of the sea? Why would beast, birds, and creeping things be punished for the wicked works of man? Regardless, Noah, was apparently not part of this wickedness, and it is said “Noah walked with God.” Walking with God is an important concept we will deal again with very soon. For now we return to Genesis 6.

Here is God’s response to his view of the earth:

Genesis 6:12 – And the earth was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence. And God saw the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for ALL flesh had corrupted their way upon earth. And God said unto Noah, The end of ALL flesh is come before me; for the earth is filled with violence through them; and, behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

Compare to the words of Jehovah. See the difference? Are they same thing? Jehovah says he is going to destroy that which he created: man, beast, creeping things, and birds. God says he is going to destroy all flesh and the earth.

Jehovah observes that man is wicked, God observes that all flesh is wicked.

So some might say, “well what Jehovah meant by all flesh is all man” hence its the same message. However we know that what God says to Noah, during his instructions to build the ark, contradicts this because he is referring to all living beings upon the earth:

Genesis 6:19 – And of every living thing of all flesh, two of every sort shalt though bring into the ark.

Noah builds a three story ark with dimensions and instructions clearly defined by God. God continues his instructions and explains the upcoming destruction to Noah:

Genesis 6:17 – And I, behold, I do bring the flood of waters upon this earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, from under heaven; everything that is in the earth shall die.

Again, notice the difference of the words of Jehovah, what Jehovah created, and what God says will perish in the flood: All flesh with the breath of life.

So big question: what about the creatures of the sea? The animals Jehovah created breathe air to live. Sea creatures breathe under water. Will they also perish? If they are on the list to perish in the flood, and the chosen only to survive on the ark, how did Noah keep sea creatures on the ark? Is it possible that some of the wicked creatures of the earth at this time survived the flood by going under water with the rest of the sea creatures? Again I point to the breath of life, assuming they are referring to breath being air, then aquatic animals are exempt from this death sentence.

Whale and Man
The earth floods completely. Which one of the creatures in this photo could survive this deluge?

If you flood the earth, can you drown a fish?