Jehovah tells Moses to speak to the Israelites regarding offerings.
Numbers 29 – Holy Convocation
Jehovah tells Moses to speak to the Israelites regarding a holy convocation on the first day of the 7th month.
Numbers 30 – A review of Vows (again)
Once again we review a woman’s “vows” and how they are to be handled between a man and his wife, and a man and his daughter, and widows. Christian woman’s rights advocates, I’d be curious to know what you think about Numbers 30 (and the OT so far as it related to the treatment of women.)
Numbers 31 – War Against the Midianites
Moses has one more task before “being gathered unto his people”, which now seems to be a euphemism for dying and joining your ancestors who have died before you. Though aren’t the Levites still alive among the Israelites still “his people”? His task: Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites. One thousand of each group of the Israelites are set as soldiers and go to war. The end result:
All male Midianites were killed
The kings of Midian were killed:
Balaam the son of Beor was killed
Wait! What? Balaam, the one who “blessed Israel” was killed? What was the saying:
“He who blesses you shall be blessed…”
So, despite blessing Israel, Balaam was killed? Is this rule just talk? Seems so. So far, there has only been one person who has blessed Israel, and he was killed at their hands. So this rule really has no past precedence of being legitimate.
More casualties: All the women, children, cattle, flocks, and goods were taken captive. The cities and their “castles” were burned.
KJV discrepancy: the word ti*ro*tam (Strong’s Hebrew 2918) is translated as “castle” in KJV. In Interlinear Hebrew it is translated as “camps”. Camps vs Castles. That is a HUGE difference to us today. Were these kings and their people living in camps or castles?
This story worsens. When Moses finds out the Israelites took the women and children captive, ALIVE:
31:14 – And Moses was wroth with the officers of the host (army), with the captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, which came from the battle. And Moses said unto them, Have ye saved all the women alive?
Moses is angry because the women were not slain in battle. He blames the women for making the Israelites trespass against Jehovah. So here’s Moses solution:
31:17 – Now therefore kill every male among the little ones, and kill every woman that hath known man by lying with him.
That’s right: Kill innocent children. Kill every woman that is not a virgin. What happens to the virgin girls?
31:18 – But all the women children, that have not known a man by lying with him, keep alive for yourselves.
Disgusting. I felt somewhat sorry for Moses because the way Jehovah treated him. Now I hate him (if he indeed was real and not just a character in a story.)
Today, we can distinguish between innocent and guilty. Back in the days of Moses, this concept was foreign. Today, most civilized people agree that a child of a guilty person should not face the death penalty for a murder the parent committed. This barbaric treatment was sanctioned by Jehovah, as he did not speak out against it. This is the god civil people worship today. The soldiers get to keep the virgin girls. Let’s not fool ourselves here, we are talking about little girls and teenagers. The soldiers get to keep them for themselves. What in the world do you think these soldiers are going to do with them?! Take them in as their own daughters? Or defile them? I hope future verse explains it, but I doubt it.
Why not just send the remnants of the Midianites, who Moses obviously blames for the transgressions of the Israelites, off to a foreign land? How wily and cunning are babies and children that Moses wants them dead so they don’t tempt the Israelites to transgress again? Why not make them slaves and enact heavy rules against their influence on the Israelites? Why is death the only answer for Moses and Jehovah? This is a death cult.
After the spoils of war and combat are done, the priesthood demands that the soldiers go through a series of “cleansing” rituals for themselves and their spoils. Chapter 26 then goes on to quantify the “spoils” in numbers. In a strange offering to a deity that supposedly created the heavens and the earth:
31:54 – And Moses and Eleazar the priest took the gold of the captains of thousands and of hundreds, and brought it into the tabernacle of the congregation, for a memorial for the children of Israel before Jehovah.
Why would Jehovah require an offering of gold? Didn’t he create gold and every other thing in this universe?
Chapter 31 was very insightful into the minds and culture of this tribal nation and their patron god. Nothing ethereal, universal, or global about it all. This belongs to a specific people in a specific time in a specific geographical location. This is becoming increasingly clear.
Apparently, the Israelites who were NOT spies, realizing the land they were about to enter was filled with giants of great power, began to mourn at their prospective future. In an oft repeated theme I like to point out when comparing their captivity in Egypt to their captivity under Jehovah, the Israelites react:
Numbers 14:2 – And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God had we died in this wilderness!
Notice that I left the word “God” in this verse, which I have not done recently. In the past I have inserted the word Elohim, Jehovah, or the various other names of potentially different deities. Why this time? Because I believe KJV (and thus MAN) has mistranslated this verse from the original Hebrew. Here’s the interlinear:
The translators of the Bible lose major credibility with mistranslation like this. When you look at non-KJV versions, you see their translation is more aligned with the original Hebrew (see biblehub.com)
What’s Strong’s Concordance say about “lu” (word 3683):
It’s hard to want to move forward with the KJV bible when evidence of mistranslation like this shows up.
Back to the story…
The Israelites once again repeat their disdain with their current situation:
14:3 – And wherefore hath Jehovah brought us into this land, to fall by the sword, that our wives and our children should be a prey? were it not better for us to return into Egypt?
Apparently, the “miracles” and “power” of Jehovah up to this point were not enough to persuade the Israelites that they are in no danger. What does this mean?
Jehovah’s powers, and his powers through Moses, were complete exaggerations
The Israelites had no regard for Jehovah’s powers
The Israelites ask to make a captain for them, and to return to Egypt. Moses and Aaron react negatively falling on their faces (14:5). Joshua and Caleb, rent their clothes (14:6).
14:7 – And they spake unto all the company of the children of Israel, saying, The land, which we passed through to search it, is an exceeding good land.
But WAIT! Didn’t they return with an “evil” report that the land was consuming its inhabitants?! So did they lie about their evil report? Or are they lying about it being a “exceeding good land”?
Here’s the ultimate in warnings. We already know what Jehovah is capable of when it comes to punishing his own people:
14:9 – Only rebel not ye against Jehovah, neither fear ye the people of the land; for they are bread for us: their defence is departed from them, and Jehovah is with us: fear them not.
Interesting verse. The people in Canaan are “bread” for the Israelites… are they going to eat them?
And more importantly, they are saying that the people they are about to slaughter ARE DEFENSELESS.
Note, my KJV version says “defence” = “shadow” aka “their shadow is departed from them…”
Regardless, the Israelites wanted to stone Moses, Aaron, and possibly Joshua and Caleb. Even Jehovah does not understand how his *signs* have not struck complete fear into the Israelites:
14:11 – And Jehovah said unto Moses, How long will this people provoke me? and how long will it be ere they believe me, for all the signs which I have shewed among them.
Remember he boasted he was “righteous and forgiving”:
14:12 – I will smite them with the pestilence, and disinherit them, and will make of thee a greater nation and mightier than they.
Jehovah is more than willing to destroy “his” people, and pass the covenant on to Moses and his kin. He boasts he would make Moses a “greater” nation, but how in the world can this be true if he can’t even control his current people? What’s he going to do differently with Moses’ kin as compared to Jacob’s kin? Exact more brutal punishment for not following him?
Moses, speaking to a supposedly almighty god, tries to persuade Jehovah:
14:13 – And Moses said unto Jehovah, Then the Egyptians shall hear it, (for thou broughtest up this people in thy might from among them;) And they will tell it to the inhabitants of this land: for they have heard that thou Jehovah art among his people…
Once again, Moses throws the Egyptians in the face of Jehovah, the concept that Egyptians would think negatively of Jehovah, in order to change Jehovah’s mind. Apparently we now find that the Egyptians are in communication with the Canaanites (which shouldn’t be surprising considering that trade routes and intermingling of cultures are widespread despite the Bible’s insistence that this group of people are isolated under their patron god.)
14:15 – Now if thou shalt kill all this people as one man, then the nations which have heard the fame of thee will speak, saying, Because Jehovah was not able to bring this people into the land which he sware unto them, therefore he hath slain them in the wilderness.
Moses has just called into question, the almighty power of Jehovah. He’s basically saying “You promised this people this land, yet you could not deliver, and you had to kill them, what would the people already in this land think!?”
Powerful verse. He’s telling Jehovah that his inability to keep his promises to his own people will make him look weak in the eyes of the people in the land of Canaan.
How much more proof do you need that Jehovah is not an all powerful or almighty deity?!
This is a very BOLD statement for Moses to make in front of a deity that has shown no inhibition to destroy, burn, and murder his own people. So Moses goes into to kiss-up mode to avoid Jehovah’s wrath:
14:18 – Jehovah is longsuffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, and by no means clearing the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation. Pardon, I beseech thee, the iniquity of this people, from Egypt until now.
Jehovah concedes to Moses’ plea. But, there are conditions:
14:20 – And Jehovah said, I have pardoned according to thy word. But as truly as I live, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of Jehovah. Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tempted me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to my voice. Surely they shall not see the land which I sware unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked me see it.
Seriously, focus on the Jehovah’s own words and compare it to the boasts that not only makes of himself, but also the boasts of Moses.
Did he seriously say he PARDONED the people? Did he also say “hearkened to my voice” when he won’t even speak to the Israelites directly? He has just said that everyone alive at the time will not enter the land he promised them. If that’s the case, then his “sware” became a “LIE”.
Ah, but there’s one exception: Caleb, who in previous Chapter believed the Israelites should immediately move into the land of Canaan with no fear while the rest of them feared.
14:24 – But my servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and hath followed me fully, him will I bring into the land whereinto he went; and his seed shall possess it.
Just what was this “another spirit” that Caleb had in him? We know that, in previous verse, the word spirit also meant human emotion, so while everyone else showed fear, Caleb showed bravery (or foolishness depending on which side of the aisle you are on.)
14:26 – And Jehovah spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, How long shall I bear with this evil congregation, which murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against me. Say unto them, As truly as I live, saith Jehovah, as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you:
Note the phrase that Jehovah, supposedly an all-knowing and all-powerful god, repeats: “…as truly as I live…” does this mean Jehovah has a life expectancy?
“Righteous and Forgiving”
14:29 – Your carcasses shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, which have murmured against me, Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, concerning which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun.
All those in the presence at the time, 20 years and older, will die in the wilderness. DESPITE THE FACT that Jehovah SWORE they would enter their land. In other words, Jehovah is admitting he’s breaking a VOW.
The only ones alive at the moment who will enter Canaan are Caleb and Joshua. No mention of women, however, considering the fact that women are simply property to the culture at this time, it’s not surprising. Note that Moses and Aaron are not considered exclusions to this mandate, they too will not enter the land.
So if the current Israelites aren’t going to enter the land, then their children will. What kind of situation will the children be looking at?
14:32 – But as for you, your carcasses, they shall fall in this wilderness. And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear your whoredoms, until your carcasses be wasted in the wilderness.
So the children are going to watch their parents DIE in the wilderness, and the children will roam the wilderness for 40 years, and they are supposed to somehow find favor in the deity that swore to their parents they would enter the land, and then broke that vow?! Is it any wonder the children also defied this tyrant deity?! (spoiler alert).
Even Jehovah admits he’s broke his vow:
14:34 – After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise.
It gets worse:
14:36 – And the men, which Moses sent to search the land, who returned, and made all the congregation to murmur against him, by bringing up a slander upon the land, Even those men that did bring up the evil report upon the land, died by the plague before Jehovah.
“Righteous and Forgiving”
The Israelites mourned at the current situation. The subjugated people attempted to reconcile, after all they have just watched their own people die from the plague, what other recourse do they have?
14:40 – And they rose up early in the morning, and gat them up into the top of the mountain, saying, Lo, we be here, and will go up unto the place which Jehovah hath promised: for we have sinned.
So the people seek penance, their sin was having *doubt* (they were humans after all, we all have doubt). So what does Moses and Jehovah do?
14:41 – And Moses said, Wherefore now do ye transgress the commandment of Jehovah? but it shall not prosper. Go not up, for Jehovah is not among you; that ye be not smitten before your enemies. For the Amalekites and the Canaanites are there before you, and ye shall fall by the sword: because ye are turned away from Jehovah, therefore Jehovah will not be with you.
No forgiveness to be seen, despite Jehovah boasting he is “Righteous and Forgiving”.
14:45 – Then the Amalekites came down, and the Canaanites which dwelt in that hill, and smote them, and discomfited them, even unto Hormah.
So the people, being simple humans and having doubt, turn to Moses and Jehovah for penance, and are ignored and allowed to be punished by the Amalekites and Canaanites.
The land of Canaan is near, and Jehovah tells Moses to send out men to “spy” on the land of Canaan before they enter it.
Why would an all knowing god need his people to send spies to see what the land they are headed to looks like?
Moses sends Jehoshua (aka Joshua) to lead the spies.
Geographical note: They are in the wilderness of Paran, and Moses instructs them to go *south* and to go up the mountain to look down on the land (Numbers 13:17).
Considering they traveled north from Egypt, why would the end up going south? More research needs to be done on this one. What we are looking for is a mountain north of Canaan that the Israelites would be able to travel to without actually traveling through Canaan.
It was grape harvesting season, and this is what happens next:
Numbers 13:22 – And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypty)
Note: The author is making the assumption that the reader knows not only Anak, but his children, and also knows a land called Hebron and Zoan. Written for the people of the time or applicable for people in the future?
13:23 – And they came unto the brook (KJV note: valley) of Eschol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs.
These had to be GIANT grapes, for one cluster to be carried between two men holding a staff. Will future verse expound on the concept of giant fruits? Giant people? A land of giant things?
Joshua and his spies returned after 40 days of spying. In the spies own words to Moses:
13:27 – And they told him, and said, We came unto the land whither thou sentest us, and surely it floweth with milk and honey; and this is the fruit of it. Nevertheless the people be strong that dwell in the land, and the cities are walled, and very great: and morever we saw the children of Anak there.
Ok, from an anthropological point of view: If there are giant grapes (and seeds) and great, walled cities, surely there would be some physical evidence of them today? Or is the author going to tell us that EVERYTHING (walls and giant things) was wiped out when the Israelites enter the land? I look forward to discovering.
Here are the aforementioned indigenous peoples and their location in Canaan:
Amalekites in the south
Hittites, Jebusites, Amorites in the mountains
Canaanites by the sea and the coast of Jordan
If the Israelites have spent the past few generations in Egypt, how in the world did they know who the sons of Anak were? Or what the names of said people living in Canaan?
So the land is flowing with milk and honey, the grapes are substantial, but apparently all is not good with the land.
13:32 – And they brought up an evil report of the land which they had searched unto the children of Israel, saying, The land, through which we have gone to search it, is a land that eateth up the inhabitants thereof; and all the people that we saw in it are men of great stature.
Look at the language in this verse, how it contradicts:
The land is flowing with milk and honey
Yet we are told it is “evil”
The land is eating up its inhabitants
Yet we are told the inhabitants, ALL of them, are men of great stature
So the land, which flows with milk and honey, is evil, and is eating up men of great stature.
Is this great stature literal? The people are giants? Or does stature refer to ordinary, yet, mighty men, men of renown (as we saw in Genesis 6). Genesis 6:4 tells us there were giants in the days of Noah, AND afterwards.
To answer the question in their own words:
13:33 – And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants: and we were in our own sight as grasshoppers, and so we were in their sight.
Let’s rephrase the earlier conclusion:
The land, which flows with milk and honey, is evil, and is eating up giants.
Does this make sense? Are there giant bones found in Canaan today?
Let’s go to the Hebrew interlinear for some clarification: the term translated into giants is *Nephilim*. Strongs Concordance (word 5303) translates *nephilim* as stemming from the word (5307) *nephal* which means, “to fall”. Were these fallen beings?
If they were “giants” or “fallen ones”, then WHO was Anak?
Rabbit hole? Go look up the Annunaki, and notice the similarity between the name Anak and the name Annunaki.
Anyhow, the spies have mentioned that they were like grasshoppers in the sight of the giants. Yet they say the land is eating up its inhabitants (as if to justify the upcoming genocide by pointing to the concept that the land is corrupted).
Leviticus 22 – Rules pertaining to Aaron and his Sons
Jehovah instructs Moses regarding the sons of Aaron:
Leviticus 22:2 – Speak unto Aaron and to his sons, that they separate themselves from the holy things of the children of Israel, and that they profane not my holy name in those things which they hallow unto me: I am Jehovah.
So what are these holy ‘things’ Aaron and his sons need to separate themselves from? Let’s look at the Hebrew interlinear, to see how the KJV version has translated this:
Interlinear: Speak unto Aaron and his sons, that they abstain from the holy gifts of the children of Israel…
Gifts vs. Things… how did the translation become so skewed between KJV and Interlinear Hebrew translation? This is not confidence inspiring, at all, in regards to the KJV being translated as originally intended.
More mundane rules regarding clean, unclean, food rules, the blemished, fill the rest of Leviticus 22, rules which make little to zero sense in modern times. What’s interesting is how the author ends this, and many other chapters. As if needing to qualify WHY he is setting the rules and WHY his rules should be followed, as if at some point the Israelites are going to question his authority:
22:33 – (I am Jehovah, which hallow you) That brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your le*elohim (god): I am Jehovah.
Leviticus 23 – Feasts and Offerings
Leviticus 23 repeats many rules regarding feasts and offerings. Also of note is that the “corners” of the fields are to be left for the poor and the stranger (as mentioned in previous chapter.)
We learn of a new “day”, a day of atonement:
Leviticus 23:27 – Also on the tenth day of the seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto Jehovah.
How does one “afflict” their own soul? Just what are they making atonement for? What Jehovah does say that anyone that works on this day of atonement he will DESTROY.
In a nod to a cultural specific ritual in the world of these Middle Eastern peoples, we get a glimpse of a ritual:
23:40 – And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before Jehovah your god seven days.
So how do they rejoice? Dance with these boughs and branches? Hold them? Decorate their homes with them? Would be interested to find out if any similar ritual exists in the Middle East today, or if there is more detail on how these items were used.
As yet another reminder that Jehovah wants his legacy as the one who brought them out of Egypt (when we must remember, they didn’t want to leave, and they really could have left without his help as the story says the Egyptians wanted them gone), he instructs them again:
23:42 – Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths: That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am Jehovah your god.
Easily a verse that could have been inserted to describe this cultures manner of dwelling in booths (can we assume these are tents?)
What’s interesting is the concept that Jehovah does not want them to forget these things. If they really truly believed in the benefit of being pulled out of Egypt and living in booths, wouldn’t they never forget? Or is it a reminder to them that Jehovah controls their world and that they OWE him for his actions in Egypt and in the desert.
Actions that are questionably not righteous, honest, or beneficial to these peoples.
Jehovah’s personality of being insecure regarding “his” people is interesting to say the least, especially coming from what we are told is the god that created the universe who is coming off sounding more like an insecure man-king ruling over a hard to rule peoples.
Jehovah speaks to Moses telling him to tell the Israelites:
Leviticus 18:3 – After the doings of the land of Egypt, wherein ye dwelt, shall ye not do: and after the doings of the land of Canaan, whither I bring you, shall ye not do: neither shall ye walk in their ordinances.
So there are cultural practices and norms that Jehovah does not want them to do, practices they did in Egypt, and practices of the people of Canaan.
The concept of “uncovering nakedness” has been somewhat ambiguous. When Noah’s nakedness was uncovered by Ham, it was such a serious event that Noah cursed his own grandson, (ironically Canaan). So there is more to this “uncovering” than I believe Ham seeing his own father nude. We get hints that “uncovering” a female relatives nakedness meant actually laying with her in a sexual manner. Did some perverse sexual encounter take place with Ham and Noah that the author didn’t describe? All we are told is that Ham told his brothers, who then came and covered their father (but didn’t look at his nakedness) yet Ham’s son was cursed for it all!
Jehovah lays out rules about “uncovering nakedness” and after reviewing Leviticus 18:6 through 18, it really does sound like a mandate to prevent incest within family members, blood or marriage relatives. Also included are “approaching” (as is used in verses 6-18) an unclean woman to “uncover her nakedness” or “laying carnally” with your neighbors wife.
IS JEHOVAH THE ONLY DEITY AROUND AT THIS TIME?
18:21 – And thou shalt not let any of thy seed pass through the fire to Molech, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy god…
Who is Molech? It is a deity? It is a concept/idea? Why is this name capitalized in the text the way a proper name is? Modern interpretation tells us that children were sacrificed to Molech by burning them. Was Abraham familiar with the deity or concept of Molech? After all he was willing sacrifice Jacob to Jehovah at his request, WITHOUT QUESTION! Is this concept of child sacrifice normalized to these Hebrew peoples at this time?
It is an abomination to lie with mankind as it is to lie with womankind
This the verse that tells us that “the Bible says” homosexuality is immoral (Leviticus 18:22)
What is the punishment for breaking this rule?
It is an abomination to lie with Animals
It is not considered an abomination but “confusion” (Leviticus 18:23)
Does this concept go back to Genesis 6, pre-flood world where (in Elohim terms) ALL CREATION (animals and man) were defiled?
18:24 – Defile not ye yourselves in any of these things: for in all these the nations that are defiled which I cast out before you: And the land is defiled: therefore I do visit the iniquity thereof upon it, and the land itself vomiteth out her inhabitants.
This verse :24 accomplishes multiple goals:
Lays down future law
Explains the reasoning for the supposed upcoming slaughter of the indigenous people of Canaan (who are related to the Israelites through Abraham)
Interesting chapter. We get some specifics on the people that are about to be genocided, and why Jehovah lays out certain rules to his people.
Sidenote: If Jehovah supposedly created the heavens and the earth and breathed life into ALL mankind, then he really screwed up by allowing his creation to go against him. This concept that creator does not have control over his creation flies in the face of what we are told “god” is today, that ALL THINGS are possible with god. Not only that, Jehovah has never claimed that these Canaanite nations, nor the Egyptians, were his creation. This is an assumption that is made.
Not only that, the whole PURPOSE of the Great Flood was a FAILURE. There is still “evil” on earth (yet the word evil hasn’t really been used, instead we get the term “defiled”.)
Not once has he said “my creation is compromised”. Is it because he is embarrassed by the creation? Or that he really didn’t create man and is merely responsible for this one group of people which he “inherited” according to Moses.
18:27 – (For all these abominations have the men of the land done, which were before you, and the land is defiled;) That the land spue not you out also, when ye defile it, as it spued out the nations that were before you.
This verse is talking about the future as if it were in the past (“as it spued” = past tense) yet the nations of Canaan, at this point in the narrative and timeline, have yet to be removed. This tells me this text was written long after the events took place. Which also tells me that much of the explanation of events could very well be made up to explain the past (Sodom & Gomorrah destroyed by volcanic activity – Explanation: the people MUST HAVE been wicked to suffer such a fate, etc.)
Also note: NONE of the defilement has been attributed to Satan.
Any man that kills an ox, lamb, or goat and does not bring it into the Tabernacle will be cut off from his people
How does a rule like this get enforced? Is it the *supposed* all seeing eye of Jehovah? Or is it up to the Israelites to police each other in this regard?
Leviticus 17:7 – And they shall no more offer their sacrifices unto devils, after whom they have gone a whoring (KJV).
I was curious about what word was used to describe “devils” and, of course, the Hebrew interlinear gives us a different translation:
Leviticus 17:7 – And not more shall they offer their sacrifices to the las*se*irim/goat demons whom they have gone whoring. (Hebrew Interlinear)
Interesting, goat demons. Notice this is not a singular “devil”, but multiple beings, nor is it being assigned to Satan. So who or what were these goat demons? Simple idols? Actual beings? Not only that, Jehovah is admitting that they sacrificed to these demons. But when? During their time in Egypt, during their travels through Exodus?
17:10 – And whatsoever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among you, that eateth any manner of blood; I will even set my face against that soul that eateth blood, and will cut him off from among his people.
So what is exactly “eating” blood? Is this akin to drinking blood? It’s later said that any animal killed needs to have its blood poured out and covered with dust. What about the residual blood that may remain in the meat/muscle?
17:11 – For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your soul: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul.
So the blood is solely for the altar, yet in verse 13 we are told that the blood needs to be poured out on the ground. Another ambiguous and contradicting statement by Jehovah.
Sidenote: Verse 11 is interesting, it is one of those verses I heard multiple times in my Christian studies. Note that the context of blood in this case is FOR SACRIFICE for Jehovah, not as a general statement. Which is why I have to question modern denominations that take this verse as a general statement and refuse such things as blood transfusions. Even worse, a denomination that boasts about how the children in the church proudly denied blood transfusions that cost them their lives, but boast how they followed “scripture” despite it causing their ultimate demise that could have EASILY been prevented. Does this verse say not to take blood transfusions? This verse is strictly about atonement of the soul via an altar of sacrifice.
Not only that, I must hammer this point, this verse is for a specific people in a specific time in a specific geographic area. Nowhere has Jehovah said these rules are for all the world for all times.
Leviticus 16:1 – And Jehovah spake unto Moses after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they offered before Jehovah, and died;
Nice twist by the author, we already know that it was Jehovah who killed them, they didn’t just DIE.
Because of this happening, Jehovah tells Moses that Aaron needs to go through a ritual of atonement. This atonement is eventually the ritual that is done once a year to make atonement for ALL the children of Israel. So where do the sins go?
Two goats are gathered.
16:8 – And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for Jehovah, and other lot for the scapegoat (KJV)
Let’s look at this in the original Hebrew interlinear:
16:8 – And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for Jehovah, and the other lot for la*Azazel
So are a simple goat and Azazel mutually exclusive? Azazel is actually a proper name, and is found in many modern Jewish and apocryphal texts. Was the one goat sent as an offering to a being named Azazel, considering the other was given as an offering to a being named Jehovah? While the Bible proper doesn’t discuss this, there is plenty of biblical related texts that do.
16:21 – And Aaron shall lay both his hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their transgressions in all their sins, putting them upon the head of the goat, and shall send him away by the hand of a fit man into the wilderness. And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities unto a land not inhabited: and he shall let go the goat in the wilderness.
And just like that, sins are taken away. Fast forward to the New Testament and sins are dealt with completely different. Old Testament – a goat takes away the sins of the people. New Testament – Jesus takes away the sins of the people.
If the Bible is a continuously flowing set of rules and dogma, then can we equate Jesus with a goat? Not to be facetious but this is the case when you mask Old Testament mandates with what is taught in the New Testament.
It’s easy to see now how those who followed the laws of Moses in the Old Testament and in the New Testament would have issue with breaking the law of Moses in regards to cleansing sins.
So which one is right? Are they both right? Can we just go with Jesus and forget the law of Moses and the killing of goats? What does the author of Leviticus say?
16:34 – And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year.
Well, there’s the term: “everlasting”. Never ends.
Side Note: This idea that “sins” can be cleansed/forgiven is interesting. The idea that a person could sin 364 days a year, but then make a sin offering and have it cleaned just doesn’t seem right. This is the dilemma with modern Christianity and those who are agnostic or atheist. They see it as hypocritical that you could live a life of sin, and suddenly find Christ, cleanse all your sins, and end up in heaven. The death-bed or jailhouse wonders of those who “find Christ” or “give their lives to Christ” when their lives were full of evil is one concept that just doesn’t mesh well. Especially when non jailbirds can live a moral and peaceful life and still be sentenced to an eternity in hell by well meaning Christians and their interpretation of Jesus’ teachings.
Buying forgiveness whether with money or with offerings also seems abnormal.
Here’s the point I think the author is making (indirectly): It’s not about the actual state of being sinful, clean or unclean. The point is what Jehovah thinks about it. Certain states of nature and creation offend him, hence his constant addressing of what is clean and unclean to him. We know that today, and for countless generations around the world, women can give birth and then go on and find food and feed their family within minutes, if not hours of giving birth. No cleansing rituals required. While Jehovah and law of Moses define this as unclean, this state of uncleanness has NO effect on the woman’s ability to continue fending for herself and her child by providing food and protection.
So we are now seeing a Jehovah vs. Nature conflict. So far, Nature is winning. Jehovah’s rituals only please him and his rules. We already know he punishes his own people randomly (see previous Chapters regarding leprosy) so the fact that these rituals were enforced and followed only lends credence to the idea that these historical/fictional peoples performed these rituals to prevent punishment from Jehovah, not because they were inherently wrong or truly unclean.
Jehovah is becoming an impossibly hard sell so far, in terms of converting a non-believer to follow his mandates.
Here are the commandments we find written in Exodus 20 compared to what we find written in Exodus 34. Remember, ONLY in Exodus 34 is the term “10 Commandments” mentioned:
Exodus 20 CLEARLY has more than 10 commandments, in FACT, it looks like someone might have chosen the best 10 out of the total 16 that fit in to more modern times. Was this to sell the idea of Jehovah and his rules to modern peoples? Is it because making stone and earth altars and gods of gold, silver and brass would be considered ridiculous today, if not 200 years ago? So, to keep the religion viable, pick and choose commandments that are applicable to the modern peoples, and HIDE the others? These hidden commandments are CLEARLY coming from the words of Jehovah!
Exodus 34 has a total of 12 give or take a few that could be lumped or separated because the context is ambiguous, and with a little bit of fudging of repetitive commandments, can EASILY be made into 10:
Do not make covenants with the people of the new land; destroy their altars, images, groves.
You shall no worship no other god
You shall not make molten gods
Keep the feast of the unleavened bread
All that open the matrix is mine (firstborn and animal)
Six days you work, 7th day rest
Observe the Feast of Weeks
Three times a year all man children appear before Jehovah
First of the firstfruits of the land belong to me
Do not seethe a kid in its mothers milk
In fairness, I’ll try to do the same with Exodus 20 by isolating verbs and context to group or keep separate these commandments (in brief):
No other gods before me
No graven images, etc.
Don’t take Jehovah’s name in vain
Honor father and mother
Remember the Sabbath, etc.
Do not kill
Do not commit adultery
Do not steal
Do not bear false witness, etc.
Do not covet, etc.
Make no gods of gold, silver, etc
Make an earthen altar
If you make a stone altar, unhewn stone only
Do not go up the steps of my altar
So what gives? Are we witnessing the hand and work of man squeeze a concept named ONLY in Exodus 34 between multiple commandments found in Exodus 20 and 34 to make it fit into more modern times, and thus, the modern Bible (which DID NOT exist at those times as a cohesive, singular book, only a collection of books)?
One might say, well the original 10 Commandments were those mentioned before the thunderings, lightnings and noise of the trumpet in Exodus 20:18, but I say, sure, but if you look at actually commands, in terms of distinct verbs, there are still more than 10!
The ignored 4 commandments in Exodus 20 are CLEARLY distinct from each other and from what are now called The 10, yet those four lastly listed commandments are NOT included today (from what I know about modern Christian churches).
Take this into consideration: The first covenant defined by commandments in stone were BROKEN INTENTIONALLY by Moses in his anger. The commandments of the first covenant defined by the stone tablets will be broken multiple times by these Israelites as the enter the land to drive out the native peoples (they kill and “spoil” with no consequence). Is this a foretelling that because the stones were broken, this covenant of 16 commandments is null and void?
Do we have evidence of man using and mixing concepts in the Bible to sell this historical, ancient, incompatible religion with the modern Western world?
So who wins this one, Exodus 20 and the modern churches? Or Exodus 34 where the actual phrase 10 Commandments was used.
My Score: Exodus 34 wins the match. Verse affirms this as well.
Exodus 22 – More commandments… ask yourself how applicable these are today:
Steal someones livestock and kill or sell it, you must repay 5 times the livestock to the owner (aka stealing is ok as long as you pay for it in multiples)
If a man keeps his belongings at his neighbors house, and those belongings are stolen, the thief must pay double of what he stole. If the thief is not caught, the man of the house where the belongings were kept must face judges
There is such thing as “an oath of Jehovah”
If a man (doesn’t specify if single or married) entices a maid that is not betrothed (promised to another man) and he sleeps with her, he must make her his wife
“Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live”
How many innocent peoples throughout the ages have been murdered because of this verse?
Salem Witch Trials?
Hebrew interlinear translates witch as “sorcerer/sorceress”
Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death
Not to be facetious here, but why in the world would such a mandate need to be put into place? Bestiality from most people’s points of view (religious or non-religious) would be a big NO NO without any sort of mandate from a god.
Most mandates come from the fact that the transgression has occurred or is occurring regularly
Did early Israelites lay with animals? Is this a reference to Genesis 6 when man and animal were corrupted?
Anyone who sacrifices to any god except Jehovah will be utterly destroyed
Another reference to the idea that there are other viable gods that can be worshiped
Who will do the ‘destroying’?
If you afflict any widow, or fatherless child, guess what, even MORE widows and fatherless will be created (see next verse):
Exodus 22:23 – If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry; And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless
Usury (charging interest) to the poor people of Jehovah is prohibited. Usury seems to be tolerated today however
More evidence of odd translations between Hebrew and KJV:
22:28 – Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people (KJV)
22:28 – Thou shalt not revile the judges, nor curse the ruler of thy people (KJV footnote)
KJV notes that “gods” can also mean judges… what does the Hebrew interlinear say?
Big difference. Hebrew interlinear is saying ELOHIM = GODS. Which has more validity, King James version or Hebrew? If it is Hebrew, can you see how the concept of Elohim being plural completely changes the structure and meaning of the Old Testament? If you agree, go back to Genesis 1, apply the idea that Elohim is plural, and watch how the story unfolds and changes.
All first born belong to Jehovah (again, why would the creator of all NEED anything at all?)
Oxen and sheep first born also belong with Jehovah, they can spend 7 days with their dam (mother?) but then they belong to him
To remain holy to Jehovah, no one can eat the torn flesh of a beast in the field, it should be thrown to the dogs.
If someone is starving to death and they come across torn flesh, then what?
I reiterate that these concepts are very specific to a certain time in the past. For someone to tell me the Bible, IN ITS ENTIRETY, is applicable to today, I point them to this chapter (and I know there will be more.)
The narrative gets back on track from the discombobulated Exodus 6 which had a broken timeline but was rich with questions and potential interpretations so I enjoyed analyzing it to be sure:
Exodus 7:1 – And Jehovah said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet.
King James anomaly here. Thanks to the interlinear this is what it actually says:
Exodus 7:1 – And Jehovah said unto Moses, See, I have made you Elohim to Pharaoh, and your brother shall be your prophet.
I’m sorry but to me this is a huge distinction in translation. There is a difference between “a god” and “Elohim” and if there isn’t, this changes the Bible story completely. For example, if “elohim” = “a god” then it could be said that “a god created the heavens and the earth” when the creators were CLEARLY plural in Genesis 1: “Let US make man in OUR image.”
So why would the KJV translator mold the translation this way? We know from previous verse that Pharaoh is NOT familiar with Jehovah, but maybe he is familiar with Elohim? Also this god/prophet combo seems to hold special significance in this culture. Without this combination, would Moses and Aaron be able to speak to Pharaoh in such a manner? Is this a Middle Eastern cultural facet? I’m hoping future verse will cover more.
We are told, strangely, the age of Moses and Aaron at the time of their encounter with Pharaoh. Moses was 40 and Aaron was 43. The plan now goes into full effect, we are told there would be three.
Sign 1 – Staffs become Snakes
Moses tells Aaron to take his rod/staff and place it in front of the Pharaoh, where it becomes a serpent.
Response to Miracle 1: Pharaoh calls his wise men and sorcerers and the repeated the trick and turned their rods into snakes
Response to Pharaoh: Aaron’s rod swallowed up their rods
Big question: Just where did the wise men and sorcerers get the power to perform such feats? From their ‘god’ or ‘gods’? It’s obviously a power given to Aaron and the rod, just slightly ‘stronger’ to be honest. Wouldn’t an almighty god just be able to disappear these magicians and their Pharaoh? What’s going on here? Why the need to demonstrate? To be honest, it seems that no one has really put faith into Jehovah up to this point, so I understand the concept. But to say he is Almighty and omnipotent? It’s not being demonstrated, even now.
7:13 – And he hardened Pharaoh’s heart, that he hearkened not unto them; as Jehovah had said. And Jehovah said unto Moses, Pharaoh’s heart is hardened, he refuseth to let the people go.
According to Jehovah he is playing the Pharaoh like a puppet. But he’s not being honest here, in fact you can make the argument he is lying. A liar god? Let’s translate this into what really is happening according to Jehovah: “I am forcing the Pharaoh to not let the people go so I can demonstrate my miracles.” Is this really a good trait? Is this a trait from an Almighty, omnipotent god who claims he created man and his mouth, but has to play puppeteer to prove his point?
Sign 2 – Water becomes Blood
The magic rod is to be taken to the river that Pharaoh goes to every morning, and it will smite the water and turn it into blood. All rivers used by the Egyptians are to be smitten by Aaron’s rod where fish will die and people will become sick. Not only the river, but any collection of water will turn to blood.
Response to Miracle 2: The magicians of Egypt duplicated this trick, and Pharaoh’s heart was hardened, and he did not hearken to Moses and Aaron.
Was his heart hardened because of Jehovah or because the trick of the magic rod did not impress him?
For 7 days the water of the Egyptians was turned to blood, and they digged for water with no avail. Was it over after 7 days? Was that the extent of the power of Aaron’s rod?
The back and forth between the power of Pharaoh and his magicians and Jehovah (through god Moses and prophet Aaron) have just started. Story is getting good and engaging.